J Am Acad Audiol 2001; 12(06): 296-300
DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1745611
Original Article

The European Experience

Nikolai Bisgaard
GN ReSound, Taastrup, Denmark
› Author Affiliations


This article presents an overview of past and current experiences with time division multiple assess-based (Global System for Mobil Communication) mobile telephones in Europe as seen by the European Hearing Instrument Manufacturers Association. Initial fear of widespread interference problems for hearing aid users in general owing to use of a new generation of mobile telephones seems unjustified. The background for the International Electrotechnical Commission 118–13 standard for measuring interference is described. No solution to complete elimination of interference problems resulting from direct contact between hearing aids and mobile telephones has yet been found. Several reports on the subjects are cited, and new work on measurement standards for near-field situations is mentioned.

Abbreviations: BTE = behind the ear, DECT = digital European cordless telephony, EHIMA = European Hearing Instruments Manufacturers Association, EMC = electromagnetic compatibility, ETSI = European Telecommunication Standards Institute, EU = European Union, GSM = Global System for Mobile Communication, IEC = International Electrotechnical Commission, IRIL = input-related interference level, ITE = in the ear, TDMA = time division multiple access

Publication History

Article published online:
02 March 2022

© 2001. American Academy of Audiology. This article is published by Thieme.

Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc.
333 Seventh Avenue, 18th Floor, New York, NY 10001, USA


  • American National Standards Institute. (1996). American National Standard for Methods of Measurement of Compatibility between Communication Devices and Hearing Aids. C63.19.199X Draft. New York: IEEE.
  • European Hearing Instruments Manufacturers Association. (1995). Hearing Aids and GSM Mobile Telephones: Interference Problems, Methods of Measurement and Levels of Immunity. GSM Project Final Report. Wemmel, Belgium: EHIMA.
  • International Electrotechnical Commission. (1997). IEC 60118–13 Hearing Aids, Part 13: Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Product Standard for Hearing Aids. Geneva: IEC.
  • Otwidan/Telecom/Teknisk Audiologisk Laboratorium. (1993). Hearing Aids / GSM. Version 2.50. Copenhagen: Otwidan.
  • Richter U, Schädler S. (1996). EMV-Messungen an Hörgeräten (Trägerfrequnzbereich 80 MHz bis 2000 MHz), PTB-MA-51. Bremerhaven, Germany: Wirtschaftverlag NW.