J Am Acad Audiol 2001; 12(07): 337-347
DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1745618
Original Article

Hearing Sensitivity in Adults Screened for Selected Risk Factors

Terry L. Wiley
Department of Communicative Disorders, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin
Peter Torre III
Departments of Communicative Disorders and Preventive Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin
Karen J. Cruickshanks
Departments of Preventive Medicine and Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin
David M. Nondahl
Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin
Ted S. Tweed
Departments of Communicative Disorders and Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin
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As a means of partially distinguishing age effects and other risk factors in presbyacusis, hearing thresholds for 56– to 65–year-old participants screened for exclusion of selected risk factors were compared with thresholds for 48– to 55–year-old participants without the same risk factors. Hearing thresholds for both age groups were also compared with age-appropriate International Standards Organization (ISO) norms. Even after screening participants for exclusion of selected risk factors, differences in hearing sensitivity remained across age groups. Across the male and female groups, thresholds were generally better (lower) for 48 to 55 year olds than for 56 to 65 year olds. ISO norms generally underestimated the degree of hearing loss for participants of comparable age in the present study. The underestimation was small at lower test frequencies, was generally greater for men, and was largest at test frequencies above 2000 Hz.

Abbreviations: ANSI = American National Standards Institute, EHLS = Epidemiology of Hearing Loss Study, ISO = International Standards Organization


Artikel online veröffentlicht:
03. März 2022

© 2001. American Academy of Audiology. This article is published by Thieme.

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