Digestive Disease Interventions 2022; 06(02): 108-112
DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1745864
Review Article

Advances in Management of Pancreatitis Related Portal Hypertension

Ujas Patel
1   Division of Digestive Diseases and Nutrition, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky
,
Thammasak Mingbunjerdsuk
1   Division of Digestive Diseases and Nutrition, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky
,
Ahmed M. Gabr
2   Division of Radiology and Medical Imaging, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia
,
Meir Mizrahi
3   Florida Digestive Health Specialists HCA- Largo Medical Center, Largo, Florida
,
Fady Salama
1   Division of Digestive Diseases and Nutrition, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky
,
1   Division of Digestive Diseases and Nutrition, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky
› Institutsangaben

Abstract

Extrahepatic portal hypertension (EPH) is hypertension that occurs in the extrahepatic portal vasculature in the absence of liver cirrhosis. Portal hypertension (PHTN) is defined as a pressure gradient between the portal vein and hepatic vein/inferior vena cava (IVC) exceeding more than 5 mm Hg. PHTN is more commonly known as a manifestation of cirrhosis and the related elevation in hepatic to venous pressure gradient (HVPG); however, there are other extrahepatic etiologies to PHTN that are important for review. Per our literary review, EPH as a complication of pancreatitis has been known as a manifestation since at least the 1970s. Among the severities of pancreatitis, it occurs most commonly with acute necrotizing pancreatitis and chronic pancreatitis. In this review, we plan to provide an understanding of mechanisms by which EPH occurs, discuss the treatments (e.g., anticoagulation, splenic artery embolization, and splenectomy) for the complications that result from prolonged EPH, and discuss the current endoscopic interventions available to counteract these complications.



Publikationsverlauf

Eingereicht: 02. Juli 2021

Angenommen: 24. Januar 2022

Artikel online veröffentlicht:
16. Mai 2022

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