Digestive Disease Interventions 2022; 06(03): 174-184
DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1755312
Review Article

Management Strategies for Benign Biliary Strictures

5   Department of Radiology, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California
,
Eric D. Saunders
1   Department of Radiology, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, West Virginia
2   Division of Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, West Virginia
,
3   Department of Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland
,
Aneri Balar
1   Department of Radiology, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, West Virginia
,
4   Department of Radiology, WVU School of Medicine, Morgantown, West Virginia
,
1   Department of Radiology, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, West Virginia
2   Division of Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, West Virginia
,
Marshall Hutchison
1   Department of Radiology, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, West Virginia
2   Division of Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, West Virginia
,
Robert Grammer
1   Department of Radiology, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, West Virginia
2   Division of Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, West Virginia
› Author Affiliations
Funding None.

Abstract

Biliary stricture is the abnormal narrowing of the biliary ductal system, leading to bile stasis and eventual ductal obstruction and dilatation. Common etiologies of biliary strictures can be broadly classified based on benign or malignant causes. The pathogenesis of benign biliary strictures (BBSs) can be a sequela of several causes, including iatrogenic, inflammatory, ischemic, infectious, and immunologic etiologies. Among the common causes of BBS, an iatrogenic biliary ductal injury sustained during hepatobiliary surgeries is the most frequently reported cause of BBS. Clinically, patients with BBS can present with obstructive biliary symptoms, and urgent biliary decompressive interventions are frequently required to prevent fatal complications. Cross-sectional imaging such as MR cholangiopancreatography enables timely evaluation of the stricture and facilitates therapeutic planning. The primary objective in managing biliary strictures (both benign and malignant) is to achieve permanent ductal patency and minimize the need for repeated interventions. A multidisciplinary team of gastroenterologists, interventional radiologists, and hepatobiliary surgeons is generally involved in caring for patients with BBS. This review provides a summary of clinically available endoscopic, percutaneous, and surgical biliary interventions for the management of patients with BBS.



Publication History

Received: 02 October 2021

Accepted: 28 June 2022

Article published online:
17 August 2022

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