Clin Colon Rectal Surg 2024; 37(02): 085-089
DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1758823
Review Article

Surgical and Interventional Management of Lung Metastasis: Surgical Assessment, Resection, Ablation, Percutaneous Interventions

Amalia J. Stefanou
1   Gastrointestinal Oncology, Surgical Oncology, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Florida
› Author Affiliations


The lungs are the second most common site of metastases for colorectal cancer after the liver. Pulmonary metastases can be identified at the time of diagnosis of the primary tumor, or metachronously. About 20% of patients with colorectal cancer will develop pulmonary metastases. The best options for treatment include a multidisciplinary treatment approach consisting of surgical resection whenever possible, and chemotherapy. Surgical options most often include minimally invasive segmentectomy or wedge resection, while patients unable to have surgery may benefit from radio frequency ablation or radiation treatment. Prognosis is dependent on preoperative carcinoembryonic antigen level, number, and location of metastatic lesions, and resectability of primary tumor. Overall, pulmonary metastases are best treated by complete resection whenever possible.

Publication History

Article published online:
29 November 2022

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