A new intraductal radiofrequency ablation device for inoperable biliopancreatic tumors complicated by obstructive jaundice: the IGNITE-1 study
submitted 17 January 2017
accepted after revision 09 May 2017
21 July 2017 (eFirst)
Background and study aims Biliary stenting of unresectable malignant bile duct obstruction is generally accepted as the standard of care but it can be hampered by tumor ingrowth and stent dysfunction. We aimed to test the feasibility, safety, and biliary patency rate of a new endoscopically applied intraductal radiofrequency ablation (RFA) device.
Patients and methods Eighteen patients with inoperable malignant biliary obstruction underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)-directed RFA and stenting.
Results Between December 2014 and November 2015, 18 patients underwent RFA to the intended region, with no complications within 3 months of the procedure. Bilirubin levels post-RFA and stenting decreased significantly (7.8 ± 1 mg/dL to 1.7 ± 0.4 mg/dL; P < 0.001). At 90 and 180 days post-intervention, biliary patency was maintained in 80 % and 69 % of patients still alive at that time, respectively. The median overall stent patency was 110 days (range 16 – 374), with a median patient survival of 227 days (range 16 – 374).
Conclusion Intraductal RFA using a new device in patients with inoperable biliopancreatic cancer complicated by jaundice appeared feasible and safe with acceptable biliary patency. Randomized trials with prolonged follow-up are warranted.