CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd 2017; 77(09): 993-1001
DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-116857
GebFra Science
Original Article/Originalarbeit
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Quality of Life, Sexuality, Anatomical Results and Side-effects of Implantation of an Alloplastic Mesh for Cystocele Correction at Follow-up after 36 Months

Article in several languages: English | deutsch
Christian Fünfgeld
1  Klinik Tettnang GmbH, Tettnang, Germany
,
Margit Stehle
1  Klinik Tettnang GmbH, Tettnang, Germany
,
Brigit Henne
2  St. Elisabeth Krankenhaus, Leipzig, Germany
,
Jan Kaufhold
3  Regionale Kliniken Holding RKH GmbH, Ludwigsburg, Germany
,
Dirk Watermann
4  Evangelisches Diakoniekrankenhaus, Freiburg, Germany
,
Markus Grebe
5  Städtisches Klinikum Dresden-Friedrichstadt, Dresden, Germany
,
Mathias Mengel
6  Klinikum Oberlausitzer Bergland gemeinnützige GmbH, Zittau, Germany
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

received 02 April 2017
revised 12 July 2017

accepted 16 July 2017

Publication Date:
25 September 2017 (online)

  

Abstract

Introduction Pelvic organ prolapse can significantly reduce quality of life of affected women, with many cases requiring corrective surgery. The rate of recurrence is relatively high after conventional prolapse surgery. In recent years, alloplastic meshes have increasingly been implanted to stabilize the pelvic floor, which has led to considerable improvement of anatomical results. But the potential for mesh-induced risks has led to a controversial discussion on the use of surgical meshes in urogynecology. The impact of cystocele correction and implantation of an alloplastic mesh on patientsʼ quality of life/sexuality and the long-term stability of this approach were investigated.

Method In a large prospective multicenter study, 289 patients with symptomatic cystocele underwent surgery with implantation of a titanized polypropylene mesh (TiLOOP® Total 6, pfm medical ag) and followed up for 36 months. Both primary procedures and procedures for recurrence were included in the study. Anatomical outcomes were quantified using the POP-Q system. Quality of life including sexuality were assessed using the German version of the validated P-QoL questionnaire. All adverse events were assessed by an independent clinical event committee.

Results Mean patient age was 67 ± 8 years. Quality of life improved significantly over the course of the study in all investigated areas, including sexuality and personal relationships (p < 0.001, Wilcoxon test). The number of adverse events which occurred in the period between 12 and 36 months after surgery was low, with just 22 events reported. The recurrence rate for the anterior compartment was 4.5%. Previous or concomitant hysterectomy increased the risk of recurrence in the posterior compartment 2.8-fold and increased the risk of erosion 2.25-fold.

Conclusion Cystocele correction using a 2nd generation alloplastic mesh achieved good anatomical and functional results in cases requiring stabilization of the pelvic floor and in patients with recurrence. The rate of recurrence was low, the patientsʼ quality of life improved significantly, and the risks were acceptable.