Gastric endoscopic submucosal dissection using the “pulley clip with elastic line” method
02 February 2018 (eFirst)
Visibility of the submucosa is important for safe and quick gastric endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD)    . Thus, we have developed a new efficient traction method called the “pulley clip with elastic line” method (PEM).
A commercially available elastic line (elastic synthetic fiber with a diameter of 0.5 mm), hemostatic clip (HX-610-090S/HX-610-090L; Olympus, Tokyo, Japan), and hemoclip applicator device (HX-110QR; Olympus) are used ([Video 1]). First, an incision is made around the lesion, as in normal ESD. The normal mucosal border and direction in which the lesion is to be pulled are determined. A clip is attached to the contralateral normal gastric mucosa on the tow direction line ([Fig. 1 a]). The endoscope is withdrawn. Then, a hemoclip applicator device is inserted into the accessory channel of the endoscope, and a hemoclip is mounted onto the tip of the clip device. A length of elastic line is tied directly to the stainless steel ribbon of the clip so that the elastic line clip assembly is contained in the channel of the scope. After reinsertion of the scope into the stomach, a clip is attached to a suitable site on the lesion for oral or anal traction ([Fig. 1 b]). When a clip-on-clip attachment is performed, as shown in [Video 1], the middle clip plays the role of a pulley, and the lesion can be pulled continuously ([Fig. 1 c], [Fig. 2], [Fig. 3]). Furthermore, use of an elastic line prevents the lesion from being torn due to excessive traction.
Video 1 The “pulley clip with elastic line” method and its use in gastric endoscopic submucosal dissection.
[Video 1] shows an example of gastric ESD using PEM. When PEM is performed, visualization of the submucosal layer is continuous and finding a hemostasis point becomes easy. In addition, the visual field can be obtained in the forward and retroflex positions. The lesions were completely removed with free margins.
In summary, “PEM” is useful for performing gastric ESD safely and easily.
Endoscopy E-Videos is a free access online section, reporting on interesting cases and new techniques in gastroenterological endoscopy. All papers include a high quality video and all contributions are freely accessible online.
This section has its own submission website at https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/e-videos
- 1 Kobayashi T, Gotohda T, Tamakawa K. et al. Magnetic anchor for more effective endoscopic mucosal resection. Jpn J Clin Oncol 2004; 34: 118-123
- 2 von Delius S, Karagianni A, von Weyhern CH. et al. Percutaneously assisted endoscopic surgery using a new PEG-minitrocar for advanced endoscopic submucosal dissection (with videos). Gastrointest Endosc 2008; 68: 365-369
- 3 Motohashi O, Nishimura K, Nakayama N. et al. Endoscopic submucosal dissection (two-point fixed ESD) for early esophageal cancer. Dig Endosc 2009; 21: 176-179
- 4 Aihara H, Kumar N, Ryou M. et al. Facilitating endoscopic submucosal dissection: the suture-pulley method significantly improves procedure time and minimizes technical difficulty compared with conventional technique: an ex vivo study (with video). Gastrointest Endosc 2014; 80: 495-502