CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol
DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-1777294
Systematic Reviews

Sleep and Learning: A Systematic Review

1   Otorhinolaryngology Interest Group UEB (ORLIG-UEB), Colombian School of Medicine, Universidad El Bosque, Bogotá, Colombia
2   Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Hospital de Especialidades núm. 2, Centro Médico Nacional del Noroeste, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Ciudad Obregón, Sonora, México
3   Hospital General de Obregón, Ciudad Obregón, Sonora, México
1   Otorhinolaryngology Interest Group UEB (ORLIG-UEB), Colombian School of Medicine, Universidad El Bosque, Bogotá, Colombia
1   Otorhinolaryngology Interest Group UEB (ORLIG-UEB), Colombian School of Medicine, Universidad El Bosque, Bogotá, Colombia
› Author Affiliations
Funding The author(s) received no financial support for the research.


Introduction Sleep deprivation has a great impact on the learning process in physicians in training. Therefore, inquiring on this phenomenon in the most recent investigations will facilitate the provision of evidence on the influence regarding the absence of sleep on the learning process in health personnel.

Objectives The aim of this systematic review is to review, analyze and discuss the current literature that shows the impact of sleep on the learning process on doctors in training.

Data Synthesis A systematic review was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines. A search of the existing literature between the years of 2000 and 2022 was performed in the PubMed and Elsevier databases, taking into account the inclusion criteria of articles in English or Spanish and the established timeframe. As a result, 128 articles distributed in the databases were obtained and 23 articles that met the inclusion criteria were selected.

Conclusion Sleep is a fundamental factor for the consolidation, processing and functioning of memory and learning. Health professionals are a population at risk of sleep deprivation, thus it is important to take into account the effects it has on patients and health personnel.

Publication History

Received: 09 January 2023

Accepted: 02 April 2023

Article published online:
05 February 2024

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