Seminars in Neurosurgery 2004; 15(2/03): 143-150
DOI: 10.1055/s-2004-835704
Copyright © 2004 by Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc., 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Trigeminal Neuralgia: Microvascular Decompression

W. Jeffrey Elias1 , Kim J. Burchiel2
  • 1Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Virginia Health Sciences Center, Charlottesville, Virginia
  • 2Department of Neurological Surgery, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
25 October 2004 (online)

Early surgical observations during microvascular decompression (MVD) procedures have contributed to our knowledge and theories regarding the pathophysiology of trigeminal neuralgia. This procedure represents the only therapy that directly addresses the presumed etiology of the disease and is associated with the longest duration of pain relief. Once thought to represent a major operation with significant risks and rate of mortality, MVD is now performed routinely and safely worldwide because of advances in anesthesia, monitoring, and microsurgical technique. Modern imaging now provides accurate preoperative assessment of the trigeminal nerve, which should increase surgical success rates and limit failures or complications.