Endoscopy 1995; 27(3): 240-243
DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-1005678
Original Article

© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Sedation for Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy: a Comparative Study of Propofol and Midazolam

U. Carlsson1 , P. Grattidge2
  • 1Department of Surgery, General Hospital, Oskarshamn, Sweden
  • 2Department of Anesthesia, General Hospital, Oskarshamn, Sweden
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
17 March 2008 (online)


Background and Study Aims: A benzodiazepine is generally used when sedation is required for endoscopy, whilst the newer agent propofol appears to have a more suitable pharmokinetic profile. The aim of this study was to compare the quality of sedation provided by midazolam and propofol under controlled conditions.

Patients and Methods: Ninety healthy outpatients requesting sedation at diagnostic gastroscopy were prospectively randomized to receive a bolus dose of either midazolam 0.06 mg/kg or propofol 0.6 mg/kg, followed by repeat doses of 50 % of the initial dose as required. No topical anesthesia was used. The endoscopist and the patient replied to a questionnaire.

Results: Patients receiving propofol tolerated endoscopy better (p = 0.01); reached a deeper maximum level of sedation (p = 0.001); and recovered more rapidly (p = 0.001). There was a similar frequency of amnesia for the procedure (propofol 67 % vs. midazolam 65 %): of oxygen desaturation (four patients in each group, < 85 %); and of perceived patient comfort (p = 0.5).

Conclusions: Compared to midazolam, propofol facilitated gastroscopy to a greater extent. However, due to its narrower therapeutic range, propofol is the more demanding agent to administer, thus making it less universally applicable than midazolam.