Int J Sports Med 2007; 28(10): 836-843
DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-964976
Training & Testing

© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Does Power Indicate Capacity? 30-s Wingate Anaerobic Test vs. Maximal Accumulated O2 Deficit

C. Minahan1 , M. Chia2 , O. Inbar3
  • 1School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia
  • 2PE and Sports Science, National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
  • 3Department of Life Sciences, Zinman College Wingate Institute, Netanya, Israel
Further Information

Publication History

accepted after revision August 13, 2006

Publication Date:
11 May 2007 (online)


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between anaerobic power and capacity. Seven men and seven women performed a 30-s Wingate Anaerobic Test on a cycle ergometer to determine peak power, mean power, and the fatigue index. Subjects also cycled at a work rate predicted to elicit 120 % of peak oxygen uptake to exhaustion to determine the maximal accumulated O2 deficit. Peak power and the maximal accumulated O2 deficit were significantly correlated (r = 0.782, p = 0.001). However, when the absolute difference in exercise values between groups (men and women) was held constant using a partial correlation, the relationship diminished (r = 0.531, p = 0.062). In contrast, we observed a significant correlation between fatigue index and the maximal accumulated O2 deficit when controlling for gender (r = - 0.597, p = 0.024) and the relationship remained significant when values were expressed relative to active muscle mass. A higher anaerobic power does not indicate a greater anaerobic capacity. Furthermore, we suggest that the ability to maintain power output during a 30-s cycle sprint is related to anaerobic capacity.


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Dr. Clare Minahan

School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science
Griffith University

PMB 50, Gold Coast Mail Centre

9726 Gold Coast


Phone: + 61 755 52 83 90

Fax: + 61 755 52 86 74