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© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York
Purification of Milligram Quantities of Human Leptin From Recombinant E. Coli
23 April 2007 (online)
Leptin, the product of the obese (ob) gene, is a 16 kilodalton protein secreted from adipose tissue. Restoration of leptin to obese ob/ob mice leads to normalization of body weight. The effect of leptin in larger animals has not been explored, in part because of limited supplies of leptin. To date, the potency and yield of recombinant leptin purified from a variety of eukaryotic sources or from E. coil has been highly variable. While purification of leptin from E. coil inclusion bodies has afforded the greatest yield of protein, its potency is at least an order of magnitude lower than that of leptin secreted from E. coil or eukaryotic cells. The mechanistic basis of this difference in potency is not clear at present. The ability to purify significant quantities of highly active leptin will be crucial for the evaluation of leptin structure, as well as its function in additional animal models of obesity. We now report a facile protocol for the preparation of recombinant leptin using an E. coil expression system. 75-85 milligrams of leptin with a purity of greater than 97% was prepared from a liter of recombinant E. coil. The procedure can be performed in less than 48 h and requires no chromatography. Intraperitoneal injection of 0.1 mg/kg renatured leptin into ob/ob mice results in a significant reduction in food consumption. The potency of this material is similar to the most potent recombinant leptin described to date. The ability to rapidly prepare large quantities of high specific activity material will hasten the definition of leptin's role in non-rodent models of obesity.
Obese Gene - ob Gene - ob Protein - ob/ob Mice - Food Intake - Body Weight - Inclusion Body