Semin Speech Lang 1998; 19(2): 189-199
DOI: 10.1055/s-2008-1064044
© 1998 by Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc.

Play in Children with Prenatal Cocaine Exposure: Development and Implications for Assessment

Kristine Lundgren
  • Center for Communication Disorders, Braintree Hospital Rehabilitation Network, 250 Pond Street, Braintree, Massachusetts
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
15 May 2008 (online)


Play assessment of children with prenatal cocaine exposure is discussed in terms of the developmental play level and behaviors manifest during spontaneous play and the clinical implications for assessing such children. Studies have found a number of subtle differences in the play skills of children with prenatal cocaine exposure compared to children with no cocaine exposure, however, sensitive outcome measures are needed to capture these subtle developmental differences. Suggestions for assessing play, an early developmental skill, using multidimensional play analyses that incorporate developmental play levels and associated play behaviors, such as initiation and per-severation are discussed.