Endoscopy 2018; 50(07): 726-727
DOI: 10.1055/a-0591-2039
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Closure of a mucosal defect with clips and rubber band: a technical trick to improve edge apposition in large mucosal defects

Alexandru Lupu
1  Department of Endoscopy and Gastroenterology, Pavillon L, Edouard Herriot Hospital, Lyon, France
2  Department of Endoscopy and Gastroenterology, Fundeni clinical institute, Bucarest, Romania.
,
Jérémie Jacques
3  Department of Endoscopy and Gastroenterology, Limoges university Hospital, Limoges, France
,
Jérôme Rivory
1  Department of Endoscopy and Gastroenterology, Pavillon L, Edouard Herriot Hospital, Lyon, France
,
Florian Rostain
1  Department of Endoscopy and Gastroenterology, Pavillon L, Edouard Herriot Hospital, Lyon, France
,
Romain Legros
3  Department of Endoscopy and Gastroenterology, Limoges university Hospital, Limoges, France
,
Thierry Ponchon
1  Department of Endoscopy and Gastroenterology, Pavillon L, Edouard Herriot Hospital, Lyon, France
4  Inserm U1032 LabTau, Lyon, France
,
Mathieu Pioche
1  Department of Endoscopy and Gastroenterology, Pavillon L, Edouard Herriot Hospital, Lyon, France
4  Inserm U1032 LabTau, Lyon, France
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Corresponding author

Mathieu Pioche, MD
Endoscopy unit – Digestive Disease department
Pavillon L – Edouard Herriot Hospital
69437 Lyon
France   

Publication History

Publication Date:
13 April 2018 (eFirst)

 

Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) of duodenal adenomas is recommended by European Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) guidelines as offering complete resection with relatively low morbidity compared with surgery or endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) [1] [2]. Nevertheless, resection of duodenal adenomas carries a high risk of perforation (5 % – 10 %) and delayed bleeding (15 %) [3]. Systematic closure of mucosal defects could reduce the risk of delayed bleeding by protecting the resected area from bile and pancreatic secretions. Nevertheless, apposition of the two mucosal edges is not always feasible and can carry a risk of muscular damage from the clip itself.

We report here the case of a 63-year-old patient who was referred for endoscopic removal of a large (4-cm) duodenal adenoma with high grade dysplasia ([Fig. 1]). We performed complete piecemeal EMR. To reduce the risk of delayed bleeding, we decided to close the defect with hemoclips. Because of the large area resected, it appeared impossible to achieve complete apposition of the two edges of the mucosal defect by standard clipping. As used for traction in colorectal ESD [4] [5], we added a small rubber band to the first clip, which was fixed on the inner edge of the lesion. A second clip was used to grasp the rubber band and was then attached to the opposite edge of the lesion ([Fig. 2]). Thanks to the retraction provided by the rubber band, the two edges of the lesion came closer and it was subsequently possible to close all of the mucosal defect by adding two further clips onto the retracted area ([Video 1]). The patient was discharged 48 hours after the intervention, with no adverse events having occurred.

Zoom Image
Fig. 1 Endoscopic views showing a duodenal adenoma under: a white light; b narrow-band imaging (NBI).
Zoom Image
Fig.  2 Schematic of the procedure. a Mucosectomy of a large duodenal nonampullary sporadic adenoma is performed using a front-viewing endoscope. b The first clip with the attached rubber band is fixed onto the anterior side of the mucosal defect. c Elastic traction is applied using a second clip in order to close together the two opposing mucosal edges. d Further clips are then applied to completely close the mucosal defect.

Video 1 Closure of a large mucosal defect with clips and rubber band.

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Therefore, the technique of traction with a rubber band allows the two lateral edges of the resected area to be apposed, thereby facilitating complete closure. This appears to be a safe and effective technique for closing large mucosal defects after EMR.

Endoscopy_UCTN_Code_TTT_1AO_2AG

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Competing interests

None


Corresponding author

Mathieu Pioche, MD
Endoscopy unit – Digestive Disease department
Pavillon L – Edouard Herriot Hospital
69437 Lyon
France   


Zoom Image
Fig. 1 Endoscopic views showing a duodenal adenoma under: a white light; b narrow-band imaging (NBI).
Zoom Image
Fig.  2 Schematic of the procedure. a Mucosectomy of a large duodenal nonampullary sporadic adenoma is performed using a front-viewing endoscope. b The first clip with the attached rubber band is fixed onto the anterior side of the mucosal defect. c Elastic traction is applied using a second clip in order to close together the two opposing mucosal edges. d Further clips are then applied to completely close the mucosal defect.