Endoscopy 2019; 51(03): E57-E58
DOI: 10.1055/a-0820-1053
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Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle injection of alcohol for ablation of an insulinoma: a well documented successful procedure

Flávio Amaro Oliveira Bitar Silva
1  French-Brazilian Center of Echoendoscopy, Santa Casa de São Paulo, SP, Brazil
,
Rogério Colaiacovo
1  French-Brazilian Center of Echoendoscopy, Santa Casa de São Paulo, SP, Brazil
,
Osvaldo Araki
1  French-Brazilian Center of Echoendoscopy, Santa Casa de São Paulo, SP, Brazil
,
Anna Fernanda Domene
1  French-Brazilian Center of Echoendoscopy, Santa Casa de São Paulo, SP, Brazil
,
José Viana Lima Junior
2  Endocrinology Department, Santa Casa de São Paulo, SP, Brazil
,
André de Moricz
3  Department of Surgery, Santa Casa de São Paulo, SP, Brazil
,
Lucio Rossini
1  French-Brazilian Center of Echoendoscopy, Santa Casa de São Paulo, SP, Brazil
› Institutsangaben
Weitere Informationen

Corresponding author

Flávio Amaro Oliveira Bitar Silva, MD
Rua Cesário Mota Júnior, nº 112
no 4º andar do Pavilhão Conde de Lara
Vila Buarque
São Paulo
SP, 01221-020
Brazil   

Publikationsverlauf

Publikationsdatum:
11.Januar 2019 (eFirst)

 

A 21-year-old woman presented with recurrent hypoglycemia, syncope, and episodic seizures, associated with rapid weight gain (body mass index [BMI] 60). Hyperinsulinemia was confirmed and she was started on treatment with diazoxide. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a 1.5-cm nodule at the pancreatic head. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) confirmed a 1.5-cm hyperechoic nodule within the pancreatic head, between the common bile duct and the main pancreatic duct. EUS-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) was performed with a 22-gauge needle (Echo-Tip; Cook Medical, Limerick, Ireland) ([Fig. 1]) and the definitive diagnosis of an insulinoma was established by immunohistochemical analysis ([Fig. 2]).

Zoom Image
Fig. 1 Echoendoscopic image showing the endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration.
Zoom Image
Fig. 2 Histological analysis of the fine needle aspirate showing the appearance on: a hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining; b – e immunohistochemical staining with: b CD 56; c insulin; d Ki 67; e synaptophysin.

Surgical treatment (Whipple’s procedure) was contraindicated because of the patient’s high BMI. Therefore, EUS-guided fine needle injection (EUS-FNI) was suggested to ablate the lesion. The patient was hospitalized for prior hyper-hydration. EUS-FNI was performed with 99 % ethanol (1.5 mL) using a 22-gauge needle (Echo-Tip), with the patient under general anesthesia. After 60 seconds, ultrasound monitoring showed the typical image of a hyperechogenic shadow forming from within the lesion. No portal vein thrombosis was detected on EUS after the alcohol injection ([Video 1]) and there was no evidence of acute pancreatitis after 2 days of in-hospital observation. At follow-up 2 weeks after discharge, the patient’s serum glucose had returned to normal levels, she had lost 4 kg and the diazoxide dose was reduced.

Video 1 Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle injection (EUS-FNI) of 99 % ethanol into an insulinoma.


Qualität:

Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) account for 1 % – 2 % of all pancreatic tumors⁠. PNETs are classified as either functional or nonfunctional, the latter being more common (up to 85 %). Among functional pNETs, insulinomas are the most common [1] [2]. EUS is a useful diagnostic tool, showing a sensitivity of up to 85 % [3]. Insulinoma resection was first reported in 1929 and remains the treatment of choice [4]. Nevertheless, EUS-FNI of ethanol into an insulinoma has been described as an efficient and safe technique for hypoglycemia resolution, and is indicated for patients with a prohibitive surgical risk [5].

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Competing interests

None

Acknowledgments

We must acknowledge Prof. Adhemar Monteiro Pacheco Júnior, MD, MSc, PhD, assistant physician with the Pancreas and Biliary Tract group of the Surgery Department, Santa Casa de São Paulo, for all the support the Surgery Department has given us, which has been indispensable for our good practice.


Corresponding author

Flávio Amaro Oliveira Bitar Silva, MD
Rua Cesário Mota Júnior, nº 112
no 4º andar do Pavilhão Conde de Lara
Vila Buarque
São Paulo
SP, 01221-020
Brazil   


Zoom Image
Fig. 1 Echoendoscopic image showing the endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration.
Zoom Image
Fig. 2 Histological analysis of the fine needle aspirate showing the appearance on: a hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining; b – e immunohistochemical staining with: b CD 56; c insulin; d Ki 67; e synaptophysin.