Endoscopy 2019; 51(08): E211-E212
DOI: 10.1055/a-0885-9722
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© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Contrast-enhanced endoscopic ultrasound-guided access to nondilated bile duct

Takeshi Ogura
2nd Department of Internal Medicine, Osaka Medical College, Osaka, Japan
,
Tadahiro Yamada
2nd Department of Internal Medicine, Osaka Medical College, Osaka, Japan
,
Masanori Yamada
2nd Department of Internal Medicine, Osaka Medical College, Osaka, Japan
,
Nobu Nishioka
2nd Department of Internal Medicine, Osaka Medical College, Osaka, Japan
,
Kazuhide Higuchi
2nd Department of Internal Medicine, Osaka Medical College, Osaka, Japan
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Corresponding author

Takeshi Ogura, MD
2nd Department of Internal Medicine
Osaka Medical College
2-7 Daigakuchou
Takatsukishi
Osaka 569-8686
Japan   
Fax: +81-72-6846532   

Publication History

Publication Date:
02 May 2019 (eFirst)

 

Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided biliary access has recently been indicated not only for malignant biliary obstruction but also for benign biliary stricture [1] [2] [3] [4]. Among EUS-guided biliary drainage routes, EUS-guided hepaticogastrostomy (HGS) may be the most challenging procedure because the diameter of the intrahepatic bile duct is smaller than the extrahepatic bile duct. In addition, if the intrahepatic bile duct is not dilated, such as in benign biliary disease, EUS-guided access may be challenging. Recently, EUS-HGS under contrast-enhanced EUS has been reported as a novel technique [5]. The concept of this technique is to obtain a clear image of the bile duct. We herein describe technical tips for contrast-enhanced EUS-guided access to a nondilated bile duct.

A 55-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of liver abscess. She had undergone pancreaticoduodenostomy for intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm 3 years previously. She also experienced frequent cholangitis due to hepaticojejunum stricture (HJS), which can lead to liver abscess. The liver abscess was treated by percutaneous transhepatic abscess drainage. After this procedure, an EUS-guided approach was attempted to treat the HJS ([Video 1]).

Video 1 To detect the biliary tracts, sonographic contrast agent was administered intravenously. The intrahepatic bile duct was visualized and carefully punctured using a 19-gauge aspiration needle. After the cholangiogram was obtained, a 0.025-inch guidewire was carefully inserted into the biliary tract. Finally, a covered metal stent was deployed from the intrahepatic bile duct to the stomach.


Quality:

Dilatation of the intrahepatic bile duct was not observed ([Fig. 1 a]). To detect the biliary tracts, sonographic contrast agent (Sonazoid; Daiichi-Sankyo, Tokyo, Japan) was intravenously administered. The narrow intrahepatic bile duct was visualized ([Fig. 1 b]). This bile duct was carefully punctured using a 19-gauge aspiration needle. Bile juice could not be aspirated. A small amount of normal saline was injected, and because no resistance to the injection was observed, the contrast medium was injected ([Fig. 2 a]). Finally, a covered metal stent was deployed from the intrahepatic bile duct to the stomach without any adverse events ([Fig. 2 b, c]).

Zoom Image
Fig. 1 Endoscopic ultrasound imaging. a The intrahepatic bile duct was not dilated. b After intravenous administration of sonographic contrast agent, the narrow intrahepatic bile duct was visualized (arrow).
Zoom Image
Fig. 2 Contrast enhancement. a The contrast medium was injected and a cholangiogram was successfully obtained. b A 0.025-inch guidewire was successfully inserted into the biliary tract. c A covered metal stent was deployed from the intrahepatic bile duct to the stomach.

Contrast-enhanced EUS-guided biliary drainage has clinical impact not only for obtaining a clear image of the bile duct but also in cases of nondilated bile ducts.

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Competing interests

None


Corresponding author

Takeshi Ogura, MD
2nd Department of Internal Medicine
Osaka Medical College
2-7 Daigakuchou
Takatsukishi
Osaka 569-8686
Japan   
Fax: +81-72-6846532   


Zoom Image
Fig. 1 Endoscopic ultrasound imaging. a The intrahepatic bile duct was not dilated. b After intravenous administration of sonographic contrast agent, the narrow intrahepatic bile duct was visualized (arrow).
Zoom Image
Fig. 2 Contrast enhancement. a The contrast medium was injected and a cholangiogram was successfully obtained. b A 0.025-inch guidewire was successfully inserted into the biliary tract. c A covered metal stent was deployed from the intrahepatic bile duct to the stomach.