Endoscopy 2019; 51(08): E235-E236
DOI: 10.1055/a-0889-7569
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© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Pure cystic groove pancreatitis: endosonographic appearance

Dario Ligresti
1  Endoscopy Service, Department of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Services, IRCCS–ISMETT (Istituto Mediterraneo per i Trapianti e Terapie ad alta specializzazione), Palermo, Italy
,
Matteo Tacelli
2  Section of Gastroenterology, Biomedical Department of Internal and Specialized Medicine (DI.BI.M.I.S.), University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy
,
Michele Amata
1  Endoscopy Service, Department of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Services, IRCCS–ISMETT (Istituto Mediterraneo per i Trapianti e Terapie ad alta specializzazione), Palermo, Italy
,
Luca Barresi
1  Endoscopy Service, Department of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Services, IRCCS–ISMETT (Istituto Mediterraneo per i Trapianti e Terapie ad alta specializzazione), Palermo, Italy
,
Settimo Caruso
1  Endoscopy Service, Department of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Services, IRCCS–ISMETT (Istituto Mediterraneo per i Trapianti e Terapie ad alta specializzazione), Palermo, Italy
,
Ilaria Tarantino
1  Endoscopy Service, Department of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Services, IRCCS–ISMETT (Istituto Mediterraneo per i Trapianti e Terapie ad alta specializzazione), Palermo, Italy
,
Mario Traina
1  Endoscopy Service, Department of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Services, IRCCS–ISMETT (Istituto Mediterraneo per i Trapianti e Terapie ad alta specializzazione), Palermo, Italy
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Corresponding author

Dario Ligresti, MD
Endoscopy Service
Department of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Services
IRCCS ISMETT – UPMC
Via E. Tricomi 5
90127 Palermo
Italy   
Fax: +39-091-2192400   

Publication History

Publication Date:
02 May 2019 (eFirst)

 

A 24-year-old man, who was an active smoker (20 cigarettes per day) since the age of 7 years and had a history of chronic alcohol abuse, was referred to our hospital because of recurrent mild-severe abdominal pain localized in the upper quadrants and sometimes radiating to the back. In 2012 he was hospitalized for an episode of alcoholic mild-acute pancreatitis. He then stopped drinking alcohol for 3 years, with clinical and nutritional benefits. In 2015 he began abusing alcohol again, and the abdominal pain recurred together, with progressive weight loss.

Because of the persistence of symptoms, biochemical blood tests were performed and showed a mild increase in gamma-glutamyl transferase (2 × the upper limit of normal [ULN]), amylase/lipase (2.5/1.5 × ULN), and carbohydrate antigen 19 – 9 (2 × ULN). A computed tomography scan showed the presence of a hypodense area between the head of the pancreas and the duodenal wall, which contained some cysts associated with millimetric calcifications ([Fig. 1]). A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan confirmed an isointense area containing multiple small cysts ([Fig. 2]). To better clarify the nature of these findings, we performed an endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), which showed an inhomogeneous area between the head of the pancreas, the duodenum, and the common bile duct, with multiple small anechoic lesions and millimetric calcifications ([Fig. 3], [Video 1]).

Zoom Image
Fig. 1 Contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan showing an inhomogeneous hypodense area (circled in red) containing some well-delineated and rounded cysts (*) with millimetric calcifications (arrow) between the head of the pancreas (HP) and the first part of the duodenum (D).
Zoom Image
Fig. 2 Magnetic resonance imaging showing an inhomogeneous isointense area containing small multiple cysts (circled in red) between the head of the pancreas (HP) and the first part of the duodenum (D). a T2-weighted FIESTA image; b T1-weighted contrast-enhanced image.
Zoom Image
Fig. 3 Linear-array endoscopic ultrasound view of the groove area from the second portion of the duodenum. a Multiple cystic lesions (*) involving the muscularis propria of the duodenal wall (arrows) next to the head of the pancreas (HP), which presents regular echogenicity. b Small calcification (arrow) next to one of the cysts (*).

Video 1 Endoscopic ultrasound view of a pure-type cystic variant of groove pancreatitis.


Quality:

These findings, together with clinical and anamnestic data, are consistent with a diagnosis of the cystic variant of pure-type groove pancreatitis [1], a rare form of chronic pancreatitis also known as cystic dystrophy of the heterotopic pancreas, paraduodenal wall cyst, myoadenomatosis, or paraduodenal pancreatitis [2]. EUS is now considered an important tool, together with MRI, for a diagnosis of groove pancreatitis [3] [4] [5]. However, EUS morphologic features of groove pancreatitis have not been extensively reported to date.

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Competing interests

None


Corresponding author

Dario Ligresti, MD
Endoscopy Service
Department of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Services
IRCCS ISMETT – UPMC
Via E. Tricomi 5
90127 Palermo
Italy   
Fax: +39-091-2192400   


Zoom Image
Fig. 1 Contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan showing an inhomogeneous hypodense area (circled in red) containing some well-delineated and rounded cysts (*) with millimetric calcifications (arrow) between the head of the pancreas (HP) and the first part of the duodenum (D).
Zoom Image
Fig. 2 Magnetic resonance imaging showing an inhomogeneous isointense area containing small multiple cysts (circled in red) between the head of the pancreas (HP) and the first part of the duodenum (D). a T2-weighted FIESTA image; b T1-weighted contrast-enhanced image.
Zoom Image
Fig. 3 Linear-array endoscopic ultrasound view of the groove area from the second portion of the duodenum. a Multiple cystic lesions (*) involving the muscularis propria of the duodenal wall (arrows) next to the head of the pancreas (HP), which presents regular echogenicity. b Small calcification (arrow) next to one of the cysts (*).