Endoscopy 2021; 53(06): E207-E208
DOI: 10.1055/a-1244-9192
E-Videos

Usefulness of sheath lifting after saline injection technique for colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection

Taiji Yoshimoto
1  Department of Gastroenterology, Musashino Tokushukai Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
,
Tomoatsu Yoshihara
2  Department of Gastroenterology, Kishiwada Tokushukai Hospital, Kishiwada, Japan
,
Kenichiro Motozato
2  Department of Gastroenterology, Kishiwada Tokushukai Hospital, Kishiwada, Japan
,
Masanao Uraoka
2  Department of Gastroenterology, Kishiwada Tokushukai Hospital, Kishiwada, Japan
,
Hiroshi Takihara
2  Department of Gastroenterology, Kishiwada Tokushukai Hospital, Kishiwada, Japan
,
Taro Inoue
2  Department of Gastroenterology, Kishiwada Tokushukai Hospital, Kishiwada, Japan
,
Akira Asano
1  Department of Gastroenterology, Musashino Tokushukai Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
› Author Affiliations
 

Although colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) enables high en bloc resection regardless of tumor size, it is still a challenging procedure because of its technical difficulties, relatively long procedure time, and high rates of perforation [1] [2] [3]. One of the most important things to prevent perforation during colonic ESDs is to maintain the cutting direction of the ESD knife parallel to the muscle layer to avoid dissecting into this layer. In clinical practice, however, the angulated, narrow colon and peristalsis can make it difficult to keep the cutting direction parallel to the muscle layer. The “sheath lifting after saline injection” technique involves using the sheath of the ESD knife to lift the submucosal layer away from the muscle layer just after injecting normal saline into the submucosal layer ([Fig. 1]). This technique has three steps. First, normal saline is injected into the submucosal layer via ESD knives that have a water jet function, such as the FlushKnife BT-S (Fujifilm Co., Tokyo, Japan) [4]. Second, the sheath of the ESD knife is inserted into the submucosal layer and the length of the ESD knife is adjusted [5]. Third, the submucosal layer is lifted with the sheath and then cut towards the larger space of the colonic lumen. [Video 1] shows a colonic ESD case using this technique. After mucosal incision, we found that the cutting direction of the ESD knife was toward the muscle layer because the muscle layer seemed to be going upward. To overcome this, we performed the sheath lifting after saline injection technique ([Fig. 2]).

Zoom Image
Fig. 1 Schematic of the “sheath lifting after saline injection” technique. a Cutting direction is toward to the muscle layer. b After injection of normal saline into the submucosal layer, the sheath of the ESD knife is used to lift the submucosal layer away from the muscle layer.

Video 1 Colonic endoscopic submucosal dissection using the sheath lifting after saline injection technique.


Quality:
Zoom Image
Fig. 2 Illustrative case of the use of the sheath lifting after saline injection technique. a The tumor was type Is, 20 mm in size, and located on the rectum. b Appearance after mucosal incision. c Appearance after making the mucosal flap. d En bloc resection achieved. e Resected specimen.

The sheath lifting after saline injection technique is effective whenever endoscopists are unable to keep the cutting direction of the ESD knife parallel to the muscle layer when making the mucosal flap or during dissection of the submucosal layer.

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Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


Corresponding author

Taiji Yoshimoto, MD
Department of Gastroenterology
Musashino Tokushukai Hospital
3-5-48, Mukodaicho
Nishitokyo-shi
Tokyo 188-0013
Japan   

Publication History

Publication Date:
11 September 2020 (online)

© 2020. Thieme. All rights reserved.

Georg Thieme Verlag KG
Rüdigerstraße 14, 70469 Stuttgart, Germany


Zoom Image
Fig. 1 Schematic of the “sheath lifting after saline injection” technique. a Cutting direction is toward to the muscle layer. b After injection of normal saline into the submucosal layer, the sheath of the ESD knife is used to lift the submucosal layer away from the muscle layer.
Zoom Image
Fig. 2 Illustrative case of the use of the sheath lifting after saline injection technique. a The tumor was type Is, 20 mm in size, and located on the rectum. b Appearance after mucosal incision. c Appearance after making the mucosal flap. d En bloc resection achieved. e Resected specimen.