Endoscopy 2021; 53(12): E446-E447
DOI: 10.1055/a-1339-0588
E-Videos

The feared postdilation complication in caustic esophageal stenosis: combined endoscopic and surgical treatment

Vitor Massaro Takamatsu Sagae
Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Unit, Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo
,
Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Unit, Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo
,
Alberto Machado da Ponte Neto
Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Unit, Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo
,
Sergio Eiji Matuguma
Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Unit, Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo
,
Spencer Cheng
Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Unit, Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo
,
Marcos Eduardo Lera dos Santos
Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Unit, Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo
,
Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Unit, Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo
› Author Affiliations
 

Esophageal stricture is a major complication after caustic ingestion. When the ingestion is associated with a suicide attempt, the damage is typically worse because a large amount is ingested [1]. Endoscopic dilation is the go-to for initial treatment, with surgical treatment being reserved for refractory cases. The success rate of dilation ranges from 40 % to 90 % [2] [3]. Perforation is a complication with high morbidity and mortality that can occur during the dilation procedure, ranging from 0 to 32 % of cases [4] [5]. We describe a case of esophageal perforation during dilation and how it was treated with a combined endoscopic and surgical procedure.

A 27-year-old man was referred to our department 40 days after ingesting caustic alkali in a suicide attempt. The stricture was identified 25 cm from the incisors ( [Fig.1]). A contrast study showed segmental stricture up to the esophagogastric junction. A flexible guidewire was passed under fluoroscopy and dilation was performed with Savary-Miller bougies up to 8 French (Fr). At the end of the dilation, when the review was performed, an extensive perforation was seen in the distal esophagus with exposure of the abdominal cavity ([Fig. 2]; [Video 1]).

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Fig. 1 Fluoroscopic image showing the esophageal stricture and the absence of progression of contrast to the stomach.
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Fig. 2 Endoscopic image showing the esophageal perforation into the abdominal cavity.

Video 1 A case of esophageal perforation during dilation and its treatment in the usual way with a combined endoscopic and laparoscopic procedure.


Quality:

The operation was performed with combined laparoscopic and endoscopic procedures. The perforation was identified ([Fig. 3]) and a gastrotomy was performed on the distal body. The gastroscope (5.4 mm) passed through an abdominal trocar and a retrograde guidewire was passed through the esophagogastric junction and externalized through the mouth. With the guidewire and under laparoscopic vision, dilation was performed using Savary-Miller bougies up to 10 Fr ([Fig. 4]). Another guidewire was passed to the duodenum and a nasoenteral tube was positioned. The esophagus was sutured and covered with an omental patch. Finally, the cavity was drained and the gastrostomy was performed through the gastrotomy orifice.

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Fig. 3 Laparoscopic image of the esophageal perforation.
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Fig. 4 Intraoperative esophageal dilation with bougies up to 10 Fr.

The patient progressed well, accepting food through the nasoenteral tube, and was discharged after psychiatric evaluation. Follow-up endoscopy was performed after 1 month, showing complete healing of the perforation ([Fig. 5]).

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Fig. 5 Follow-up endoscopy was performed after 1 month, showing complete healing of the perforation.

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Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


Corresponding author

Igor Braga Ribeiro, MD
Av. Dr Enéas de Carvalho Aguiar, 225, 6o andar, bloco 3
Cerqueira Cesar
05403-010 São Paulo, SP
Brazil   

Publication History

Publication Date:
27 January 2021 (online)

© 2021. Thieme. All rights reserved.

Georg Thieme Verlag KG
Rüdigerstraße 14, 70469 Stuttgart, Germany


Zoom Image
Fig. 1 Fluoroscopic image showing the esophageal stricture and the absence of progression of contrast to the stomach.
Zoom Image
Fig. 2 Endoscopic image showing the esophageal perforation into the abdominal cavity.
Zoom Image
Fig. 3 Laparoscopic image of the esophageal perforation.
Zoom Image
Fig. 4 Intraoperative esophageal dilation with bougies up to 10 Fr.
Zoom Image
Fig. 5 Follow-up endoscopy was performed after 1 month, showing complete healing of the perforation.