Endoscopy 2022; 54(01): E36-E37
DOI: 10.1055/a-1346-8427
E-Videos

A novel balloon-attached endoscopy-assisted reduction technique for an acute strangulated stoma prolapse

1  Department of Gastroenterology and Metabolism, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Japan
,
Takanori Ozeki
1  Department of Gastroenterology and Metabolism, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Japan
,
Hajime Ushigome
2  Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Japan
,
Takahisa Hirokawa
2  Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Japan
,
Kazuyoshi Shiga
2  Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Japan
,
Hiroki Takahashi
2  Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Japan
,
Hiromi Kataoka
1  Department of Gastroenterology and Metabolism, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Japan
› Author Affiliations
 

Stoma prolapse is a common late complication that occurs in 2–26 % of colostomies [1]. Prolapse is most frequently seen after loop colostomies [2] and often involves the distal limb [3]. Prolapsed stoma is rarely incarcerated or strangulated; however, such cases require emergency surgery [3] [4].

A 70-year-old woman suffering from obstructive rectal cancer with multiple liver and lung metastases underwent transverse loop colostomy and subsequent chemotherapy. On day 2 after initiation of second-line chemotherapy (infusional 5-FU, leucovorin, and irinotecan plus ramucirumab), the distal limb of loop colostomy was prolapsed and strangulated owing to edema. The prolapsed colon wall was entirely reddish and edematous with a superficial brown spot at the tip ([Fig. 1]) and manual reduction using sugar as a desiccant was unsuccessful. Although emergency surgery is usually indicated in such circumstances, it is associated with perioperative complications due to administration of ramucirumab. Hence, we attempted a unique balloon-attached endoscopy-assisted reduction ([Fig. 2]). An 11-mm balloon for endoscopic injection sclerotherapy (MD-47411L; Sumitomo Bakelite Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan) was attached to the shaft of the colonoscope ([Fig. 3]), and it was inserted into the prolapsed stoma such that the balloon came in contact with the invaginated inside wall. To ensure secure placement, the balloon diameter should be smaller than the outer diameter of the prolapsed tract but slightly larger than the inside diameter. The balloon was kept in contact with the prolapsed inside wall while the endoscope was gradually pushed forward, and simultaneously another operator facilitated repositioning of the inside wall with their hand. This procedure was slowly repeated until the prolapsed stoma had been successfully reduced ([Fig. 4]). No recurrence was observed thereafter.

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Fig. 1 Stoma prolapse.
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Fig. 2 Schema of balloon-attached endoscopy-assisted reduction (*proximal limb, **distal limb).
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Fig. 3 Balloon-attached endoscopy. Balloon for endoscopic injection sclerotherapy was attached to the shaft of the colonoscope.
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Fig. 4 Successful reduction of stoma prolapse.

We describe a novel non-surgical “balloon-attached endoscopy-assisted reduction” approach that may be a useful conservative technique for reducing an incarcerated stoma prolapse ([Video 1]).

Video 1 Balloon-attached endoscopy-assisted reduction for strangulated stoma prolapse.


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Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


Corresponding author

Takaya Shimura, MD, PhD
Department of Gastroenterology and Metabolism
Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences
1 Kawasumi, Mizuho-cho, Mizuho-ku
Nagoya 467-8601
Japan   
Fax: +81-52-852-0952   

Publication History

Publication Date:
19 February 2021 (online)

© 2021. Thieme. All rights reserved.

Georg Thieme Verlag KG
Rüdigerstraße 14, 70469 Stuttgart, Germany


Zoom Image
Fig. 1 Stoma prolapse.
Zoom Image
Fig. 2 Schema of balloon-attached endoscopy-assisted reduction (*proximal limb, **distal limb).
Zoom Image
Fig. 3 Balloon-attached endoscopy. Balloon for endoscopic injection sclerotherapy was attached to the shaft of the colonoscope.
Zoom Image
Fig. 4 Successful reduction of stoma prolapse.