Endoscopy 2022; 54(01): E5-E6
DOI: 10.1055/a-1346-8645
E-Videos

Endoscopic submucosal dissection for localized amyloidosis of the sigmoid colon

Kei Nakazawa
1  Endoscopy Division, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
2  Second Department of Internal Medicine, Osaka Medical College, Osaka, Japan
,
Yutaka Saito
1  Endoscopy Division, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
,
Shigetaka Yoshinaga
1  Endoscopy Division, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
,
Shigeki Sekine
3  Pathology Division, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
,
Kazuhide Higuchi
2  Second Department of Internal Medicine, Osaka Medical College, Osaka, Japan
› Author Affiliations
Supported by: This work was supported in part by The National Cancer Center Research and Development Fund (29-A-13 and 2020-A-12). 29-A-13 and 2020-A-12
 

Amyloidosis is a rare disease caused by the extracellular deposition of amyloid, which results from the self-assembly of various precursor proteins with a highly ordered and abnormal cross-β sheet structure [1] [2].

Gastrointestinal amyloidosis sometimes leads to ulcer, gastrointestinal bleeding, and intestinal obstruction [3] [4]. Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) has been reported as a treatment for localized amyloidosis of the colon which was causing bloody stool [5].

An 82-year-old man underwent colonoscopy for follow-up after colorectal polypectomy, and a submucosal tumor (SMT)-like lesion was detected in the sigmoid colon. The lesion was yellowish-white and appeared to be slightly hard ([Fig. 1 a]). It was covered by nonneoplastic epithelium with slight fold stretching. Magnified chromoendoscopy revealed an elongated type I pit, compatible with SMT, and its surface structure appeared to be stretched by the submucosal lesion ([Fig. 1 b, c]). Narrow band imaging (NBI) with magnification revealed a heterogeneous vessel pattern with uneven caliber and a slightly irregular surface pattern ([Fig. 1 d]). On endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), the lesion was hypoechoic with thickening in the third layer, and the border of the lesion was indistinct and partially mosaic-like ([Fig. 1 e]). Biopsy specimens revealed colonic amyloid deposit. A systematic search including upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and small-bowel capsule endoscopy was performed, but no other lesion was detected.

Zoom Image
Fig. 1 Endoscopic images show this lesion as flat, yellowish-white, and apparently slightly hard. a White light image. b Chromoendoscopy with indigo carmine dye spray. c Chromoendoscopy with crystal violet reveals only an elongated type I pit. d Narrow band imaging (NBI) shows a Japan NBI Expert Team (JNET) type 1 lesion. e Endoscopic ultrasound shows that the lesion is hypoechoic with thickening in the third layer, and the border of the lesion is indistinct and partially mosaic-like.

If the amyloid lesion were to increase in size, the patient would be at risk of bowel obstruction and bleeding, so we performed an endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for this SMT ([Video 1]). Histopathological examination showed deposition of eosinophilic unstructured tissue from the mucosa to the submucosa, and orange staining with Congo red staining and amyloid deposition was observed ([Fig. 2 a, b]). Follow-up colonoscopy revealed a scar after ESD but no recurrence was detected.

Video 1 Endoscopic submucosal dissection for localized amyloidosis of the sigmoid colon.


Quality:
Zoom Image
Fig. 2 Histopathologic findings. a Hematoxylin and eosin staining shows deposition of eosinophilic unstructured tissue from the mucosa to the submucosa. b Congo red staining reveals amyloid deposition with orange coloring of eosinophilic unstructured tissue deposits from the mucosa to the submucosa.

In conclusion, curative resection may be performed for localized amyloidosis of the colon, and endoscopic treatment could be one option for localized amyloidosis.

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Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


Corresponding author

Yutaka Saito, MD, PhD
5-1-1 Tsukiji
Chuo-ku
Tokyo 104-0045
Japan   

Publication History

Publication Date:
16 February 2021 (online)

© 2021. Thieme. All rights reserved.

Georg Thieme Verlag KG
Rüdigerstraße 14, 70469 Stuttgart, Germany


Zoom Image
Fig. 1 Endoscopic images show this lesion as flat, yellowish-white, and apparently slightly hard. a White light image. b Chromoendoscopy with indigo carmine dye spray. c Chromoendoscopy with crystal violet reveals only an elongated type I pit. d Narrow band imaging (NBI) shows a Japan NBI Expert Team (JNET) type 1 lesion. e Endoscopic ultrasound shows that the lesion is hypoechoic with thickening in the third layer, and the border of the lesion is indistinct and partially mosaic-like.
Zoom Image
Fig. 2 Histopathologic findings. a Hematoxylin and eosin staining shows deposition of eosinophilic unstructured tissue from the mucosa to the submucosa. b Congo red staining reveals amyloid deposition with orange coloring of eosinophilic unstructured tissue deposits from the mucosa to the submucosa.