Endoscopy 2022; 54(01): E3-E4
DOI: 10.1055/a-1346-8769
E-Videos

Underwater endoscopic mucosal resection for complete R0 removal of colorectal polyp in a patient with ulcerative colitis

1  Department of Gastroenterology, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, Kobe, Japan
,
Satoko Inoue
1  Department of Gastroenterology, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, Kobe, Japan
,
Kana Takahashi
2  Department of Clinical Pathology, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, Kobe, Japan
,
Shigeo Hara
2  Department of Clinical Pathology, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, Kobe, Japan
,
Tetsuro Inokuma
1  Department of Gastroenterology, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, Kobe, Japan
› Author Affiliations
 

Current guidelines recommend endoscopic resection for superficial colorectal neoplasia in patients with ulcerative colitis, particularly for a clearly visible lesion with distinct margins [1]. However, endoscopic removal of colorectal polyps is technically challenging in patients with ulcerative colitis. Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) enables complete removal of such polyps but presents some technical difficulties and is time consuming [2].

A 73-year-old man with pancolitis-type ulcerative colitis maintained remission with the administration of oral and rectal 5-aminosalicylate and underwent colonoscopy for surveillance. We observed no active mucosal inflammation over the entire colon. However, there was a 15-mm flat elevated lesion in the sigmoid colon. Biopsy of the lesion suggested low-grade adenoma. Colonoscopy after 2 months revealed a 15-mm lesion with a scar caused by the previous biopsy ([Fig. 1]). Narrow-band imaging magnifying endoscopy showed regular vessels and surface structures with clear demarcation, thus indicating an adenoma ([Fig. 2]). Submucosal fibrosis caused by previous inflammation and biopsies made complete removal using conventional endoscopic resection, such as endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) and ESD, difficult. We performed underwater EMR (UEMR) for the lesion ([Fig. 3]; [Video 1]) [3]. En bloc resection was achieved without any complications. Histopathological examination revealed complete removal of the low-grade tubular adenoma with severe fibrosis in the submucosal layer ([Fig. 4]).

Zoom Image
Fig. 1 Colonoscopy shows a 15-mm, flat, elevated lesion with a scar located in the sigmoid colon.
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Fig. 2 Narrow-band imaging magnifying endoscopy shows regular vessels and surface structures, classified as type 2A according to the Japan Narrow-Band Imaging Expert Team classification.
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Fig. 3 Water immersion provides a “float” effect, floating the lesion away from the muscularis layer, thus allowing wide-field resection of the polyp.

Video 1 Colorectal polyp in a patient with ulcerative colitis is removed by underwater endoscopic mucosal resection. This eliminates the need for submucosal injection and provides a “floating” effect that facilitates the snaring of the scarred polyp.


Quality:
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Fig. 4 Microscopic findings show excision of a low-grade tubular adenoma with negative margin.

Submucosal fibrosis makes recognizing an adequate depth for dissection in ESD difficult [4]. However, UEMR eliminates the need for submucosal injection. The “floating” and “heat-sink” effects facilitate the grasping and removal of large or scarred polyps [5]. This is the first case to demonstrate the usefulness of UEMR for the management of superficial colorectal neoplasia in patients with ulcerative colitis. Thus, UEMR can be considered a safe, time-saving, and effective option.

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Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Acknowledgments

We gratefully acknowledge the work of the past and present members of our institution.


Corresponding author

Kazuya Hosotani, MD
2-1-1 Minatojima-minamimachi
Chuo-ku
Kobe
Hyogo 650-0047
Japan   

Publication History

Publication Date:
16 February 2021 (online)

© 2021. Thieme. All rights reserved.

Georg Thieme Verlag KG
Rüdigerstraße 14, 70469 Stuttgart, Germany


Zoom Image
Fig. 1 Colonoscopy shows a 15-mm, flat, elevated lesion with a scar located in the sigmoid colon.
Zoom Image
Fig. 2 Narrow-band imaging magnifying endoscopy shows regular vessels and surface structures, classified as type 2A according to the Japan Narrow-Band Imaging Expert Team classification.
Zoom Image
Fig. 3 Water immersion provides a “float” effect, floating the lesion away from the muscularis layer, thus allowing wide-field resection of the polyp.
Zoom Image
Fig. 4 Microscopic findings show excision of a low-grade tubular adenoma with negative margin.