Endoscopy 2022; 54(05): E224-E225
DOI: 10.1055/a-1492-1911
E-Videos

Triple stent-in-stent placement of novel braided metal stents with a slim delivery system via balloon-assisted enteroscopy

1   Department of Gastroenterology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
,
1   Department of Gastroenterology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
,
1   Department of Gastroenterology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
2   Department of Endoscopy and Endoscopic Surgery, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
,
Kazunaga Ishigaki
1   Department of Gastroenterology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
,
1   Department of Gastroenterology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
2   Department of Endoscopy and Endoscopic Surgery, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
,
Kei Saito
1   Department of Gastroenterology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
,
Kazuhiko Koike
1   Department of Gastroenterology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
› Author Affiliations
 

The placement of multiple metal stents for hilar malignant biliary obstruction (MBO) is technically challenging, especially for patients with surgically altered anatomy [1]. The laser-cut type of metal stent has been the only choice [2] until now, with the advent of a novel braided-type metal stent with a 6-Fr delivery system (Niti-S large cell SR slim delivery; 196-cm long; TaeWoong Medical, Gyeonggi-do, Korea) ([Fig. 1]) [3] [4], which can be deployed via balloon enteroscopy-assisted endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). With its improvement in pushability and trackability, multiple stent-in-stent placement may now be a feasible option for post-surgical MBO.

Zoom Image
Fig. 1 Photographs showing how: a the novel braided uncovered metal stent with a 6-Fr delivery system (Niti-S large cell SR slim delivery; TaeWoong Medical, Gyeonggi-do, Korea) has a well-tapered tip, which can reduce the gap between the stent delivery system and the 0.025-inch guidewire in comparison to: b the gap between a 0.025-inch guidewire and the tip of an ERCP catheter designed for this size of guidewire (MTW Endoskopie, Wesel, Germany).

An 81-year-old man was admitted for the management of MBO due to an unresectable perihilar cholangiocarcinoma. He had a history of pancreaticoduodenectomy and hepaticojejunostomy with Billroth-II reconstruction for pancreatic cancer 3 years previously. A short-type double-balloon assisted-endoscope (EI-580BT; Fujifilm Corp., Tokyo, Japan), with a working channel of 3.2 mm in diameter [5], was advanced to the site of the anastomosis, which was obstructed by the tumor ([Fig. 2]; [Video 1]). A cholangiogram revealed that three main biliary branches (the left hepatic duct, right anterior branch, and right posterior branch) were completely separated ([Fig. 3 a]).

Zoom Image
Fig. 2 Endoscopic image of the hepaticojejunostomy anastomosis, which was obstructed by perihilar cholangiocarcinoma.

Video 1 Triple stent-in-stent placement of novel braided metal stents with a slim delivery system via balloon-assisted enteroscopy for hilar malignant biliary obstruction.


Quality:
Zoom Image
Fig. 3 Cholangiographic images: a suggesting a perihilar malignant biliary obstruction classified as Bismuth type IV in a patient with a history of pancreaticoduodenectomy; b the triple stent-in-stent placement using a novel braided metal stent with a 6-Fr delivery system via a double-balloon assisted-endoscope.

First, a novel braided uncovered metal stent was placed in the bile duct at segment 6 (B6) over a 0.025-inch guidewire (VisiGlide2; Olympus, Tokyo, Japan). The guidewire was then placed in B2 through the mesh of the first stent; however, an ERCP catheter (MTW Endoskopie, Wesel, Germany) designed for the 0.025-inch guidewire could not be passed through the stent mesh. Because the tip of the delivery system is well-tapered ([Fig. 1]), we then tried inserting the metal stent directly without any dilation and readily succeeded in passing this through the mesh. After a cholangiogram had been obtained by injecting contrast medium through the delivery system itself, the second stent was deployed. Finally, the third stent could also be easily advanced into B8 through the two overlapped stents ([Fig. 3 b]).

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Competing interests

Dr Y. Nakai has received a lecture fee and a research grant from Fujifilm Medical, a lecture fee and a research grant from Century Medical, Inc., and a lecture fee from Olympus. The remaining authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


Corresponding author

Yousuke Nakai, MD, PhD
Department of Endoscopy and Endoscopic Surgery
The University of Tokyo
7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku
Tokyo 113-8655
Japan   

Publication History

Publication Date:
31 May 2021 (online)

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Zoom Image
Fig. 1 Photographs showing how: a the novel braided uncovered metal stent with a 6-Fr delivery system (Niti-S large cell SR slim delivery; TaeWoong Medical, Gyeonggi-do, Korea) has a well-tapered tip, which can reduce the gap between the stent delivery system and the 0.025-inch guidewire in comparison to: b the gap between a 0.025-inch guidewire and the tip of an ERCP catheter designed for this size of guidewire (MTW Endoskopie, Wesel, Germany).
Zoom Image
Fig. 2 Endoscopic image of the hepaticojejunostomy anastomosis, which was obstructed by perihilar cholangiocarcinoma.
Zoom Image
Fig. 3 Cholangiographic images: a suggesting a perihilar malignant biliary obstruction classified as Bismuth type IV in a patient with a history of pancreaticoduodenectomy; b the triple stent-in-stent placement using a novel braided metal stent with a 6-Fr delivery system via a double-balloon assisted-endoscope.