Endoscopy 2022; 54(09): E526-E527
DOI: 10.1055/a-1662-4598
E-Videos

A transvalvular polypectomy of a giant ileal inflammatory fibroid polyp by retrograde single-balloon enteroscopy

1   University Hospital City of Science and Health Turin, University Division of Gastroenterology, Digestive Endoscopy Unit, Torino, Piemonte, Italy
,
1   University Hospital City of Science and Health Turin, University Division of Gastroenterology, Digestive Endoscopy Unit, Torino, Piemonte, Italy
,
Wilma Debernardi Venon
1   University Hospital City of Science and Health Turin, University Division of Gastroenterology, Digestive Endoscopy Unit, Torino, Piemonte, Italy
,
Do An Andrea Trinh
2   University Hospital City of Science and Health Turin, Surgical Pathology Unit, Torino, Piemonte, Italy
,
Marco Pennazio
1   University Hospital City of Science and Health Turin, University Division of Gastroenterology, Digestive Endoscopy Unit, Torino, Piemonte, Italy
› Author Affiliations
 

Small-bowel tumors, both malignant and benign, are rare lesions accounting for no more than 2 % of gastrointestinal malignancies [1]. We report the case of an asymptomatic 61-year-old man who underwent a screening colonoscopy in an out-patient hospital conducted up to the ascending colon owing to a dolichocolon. A cecal mass was observed that could not be correctly defined. A subsequent computed tomography (CT)-based virtual colonoscopy showed a 6-cm finger-like-shaped polyp with its base in the terminal ileum approximately 5 cm proximal to ileocecal valve ([Fig. 1]). A repeat colonoscopy was again unsuccessful. Apart from a left nephrectomy for a renal clear cell carcinoma in 2006, the patient’s past medical history was otherwise unremarkable.

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Fig. 1 Computed tomography-based virtual colonoscopy showing the finger-like-shaped ileal polyp (yellow circle).

He was referred to our center to undergo a retrograde single-balloon enteroscopy (SBE) (SIF-Q180; Olympus, Tokyo, Japan), which revealed the ileal polyp protruding into the cecum. The ileocecal valve was cannulated and the polyp’s origin in the ileum was confirmed. It had a finger-like shape with a pedicle 6 cm long and 2 cm thick with its base 5 cm proximal to ileocecal valve and was covered with hyperemic mucosa ([Fig. 2]). The thickness of the polyp, occupying more than half of the ileal lumen, and especially its unstable position, made polypectomy more difficult. An endoloop (Olympus) was deployed at the base of the thick stalk and, with the scope positioned in the cecum, a transvalvular hot snare polypectomy was performed ([Video 1]). The procedure was uneventful. The polyp was retrieved with a basket ([Fig. 3]).

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Fig. 2 Endoscopic view of the ileal polyp.

Video 1 Transvalvular polypectomy of an ileal polyp.


Quality:
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Fig. 3 Polyp 4 cm in length removed from the terminal ileum.

Histological examination showed an inflammatory fibroid polyp with clear margins (R0 resection) ([Fig. 4]). This is a rare benign mesenchymal neoplasm, usually solitary and intraluminal, that may affect any part of the GI tract, although in the majority of cases it affects the stomach (antrum 75 % and corpus 16 %) followed by the small bowel (4.3 %) [2]. Treatment may be surgical but can also be endoscopic with appropriate precautions. Such polyps do not recur following removal [2] [3] [4].

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Fig. 4 Histological specimen of inflammatory fibroid polyp completely removed (clear margins).

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Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


Corresponding author

Marco Pennazio, MD
University Division of Gastroenterology
City of Health and Science University Hospital
Via Cavour 31
10123 Turin
Italy   
Fax: +39-011-633-3623   

Publication History

Article published online:
15 November 2021

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Zoom Image
Fig. 1 Computed tomography-based virtual colonoscopy showing the finger-like-shaped ileal polyp (yellow circle).
Zoom Image
Fig. 2 Endoscopic view of the ileal polyp.
Zoom Image
Fig. 3 Polyp 4 cm in length removed from the terminal ileum.
Zoom Image
Fig. 4 Histological specimen of inflammatory fibroid polyp completely removed (clear margins).