CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Journal of Social Health and Diabetes 2019; 7(02): 43-44
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-3400213
Editorial
Novo Nordisk Education Foundation

Equipoise Is a Slippery Eel

Sanjay Kalra
1  Department of Diabetology, DiaCare Diabetes Clinic, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Address for correspondence

Sanjay Kalra, MD, DM
Department of Endocrinology, Bharti Hospital
Karnal 132001
India   

Publication History

Publication Date:
30 March 2020 (online)

 

Introduction

The word “equipoise” is a versatile one. Used as a noun, it implies a “balance of forces or interests,” or a “counterbalance or balancing force.” As a verb, it is used to convey the act of balancing or counterbalancing.[1] The use of this word, however, has fallen dramatically over the past century. Is this because the concept of equipoise is difficult to achieve?

In this editorial, we enumerate and discuss the domains of equipoise, as related to diabetes care ([Table 1]), and wonder if equipoise will always be a slippery eel.

Table 1

Equipoise in diabetes

Related to the patient

• Emotional equipoise

• Glycemic equipoise

• Vasculometabolic equipoise

Related to the professional

• Emotional equipoise

• Professional equipoise

Related to family/community

• Community equipoise

Related to interaction and treatment

• Therapeutic equipoise

• Information equipoise

• Equipoised intrusion

Related to cardiovascular trials

• Glycemic equipoise


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The Spectrum of Equipoise

In diabetes care, experts have been using the terms “information equipoise,” “clinical equipoise,” “glycemic equipoise,” and “emotional equipoise.”[2] [3] [4] [5] We add to these, “vasculometabolic equipoise,” “equipoised intrusion,” and “community equipoise.”

For the diabetes care professional, equipoise is a multifaceted construct. Equipoise is a target, as well as a tool to achieve this target. In diabetes management, one aims to create a stable health status, balancing glycemic control with the potential risk of hypoglycemia.[6] This can be termed glycemic equipoise, though this phrase is used more often in the context of cardiovascular outcomes trials.[4]


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Equipoise as a Target

Management strategies also try to achieve an equipoise of other vasculometabolic markers, including weight, blood pressure, and lipids. Mandate from regulatory agencies also demands demonstration of cardiovascular equipoise, or safety, with newly developed glucose-lowering drugs.[7] Put together, the state of a comprehensive diabetes control can be termed as vasculometabolic equipoise. This implies that all vascular and metabolic aspects of health are given equally efficiently. In a similar fashion, endocrine equipoise may be taken to mean optimal “glucocrinological” health, balancing the function of all endocrine glands in addition to the pancreas.

Apart from the biomedical markers discussed earlier, there is a need to ensure emotional equipoise, or good psychosocial health, in persons living with diabetes. Such persons should be able to view diabetes as a part of life, and to ensure that it does not disturb the equilibrium of their personal or social life.[8] The family in particular, and society at large, should be encouraged to view persons living with diabetes with equipoise, offering them the same opportunities that their peers get. Such a state can be described as community equipoise.


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Equipoise as a Tool

To achieve this target, one needs to use equipoise as a tool. The diabetes care professional should remain emotionally equipoised or balanced, when confronted with challenging patients or difficult situations.[8] She or he should endeavor to ensure information equipoise with the patient, so that shared decision making can be practiced in a responsible patient-centric manner. Information equipoise between two partners implies that both have access to similar information and knowledge.[9] This, in turn, fosters similar attitudes and promotes similar decisions, thus facilitating taking concordance in management plans.

At times, diabetes therapy may intrude unnecessarily into a patient’s life. In such cases, one must balance the advantages of tight glycemic control with the overall impact of disease on quality of life. A fair compromise would be to aim for equipoised intrusion, that is, balancing the rigidity of therapy with the flexibility of lifestyle.


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Equipoise in Summary

It is thus clear that the construct of equipoise embraces multiple stakeholders: the person living with diabetes (emotional equipoise, glycemic equipoise, and vasculometabolic equipoise), the diabetes care professional (emotional equipoise and professional equipoise), the family, and the community (community equipoise). It also addresses the physician–patient relationship (information equipoise and nature of treatment [equipoise intrusion]). The adjective has also been used with reference to cardiovascular outcome trials (glycemic equipoise) ([Table 1]).


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Equipoise in Therapeutics

More often than not, one is faced with multiple management options, all of which have their advantages and limitations. This represents a situation of “therapeutic equipoise,” and is best handled by discussing various options with these patients. There is much more to equipoise, therefore, than what meets the eye. The dismal status of diabetes care across the world shows that we are far from reaching optimal balance in our fight against the epidemic. Till we create a synergistic and sustained, effort to understand this multidimensional balance, equipoise will remain a slippery eel.


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Conflict of Interest

None declared.

Acknowledgment

Hitesh Punyani (New Delhi), Sameer Aggarwal (Rohtak), and Ashish Sehgal (Karnal) have contributed immensely to the conceptualization of this concept.


Address for correspondence

Sanjay Kalra, MD, DM
Department of Endocrinology, Bharti Hospital
Karnal 132001
India