Endoscopy 2019; 51(02): 179-193
DOI: 10.1055/a-0822-0832
Guideline
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Endoscopic treatment of chronic pancreatitis: European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) Guideline – Updated August 2018

Jean-Marc Dumonceau
1  Gedyt Endoscopy Center, Buenos Aires, Argentina
,
Myriam Delhaye
2  Department of Gastroenterology Hepatopancreatology, and Digestive Oncology, Erasme University Hospital, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium
,
Andrea Tringali
3  Digestive Endoscopy Unit, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli, IRCCS, Rome, Italy
4  Centre for Endoscopic Research, Therapeutics and Training (CERTT), Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy
,
Marianna Arvanitakis
2  Department of Gastroenterology Hepatopancreatology, and Digestive Oncology, Erasme University Hospital, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium
,
Andres Sanchez-Yague
5  Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Hospital Costa del Sol, Marbella, Spain
,
Thierry Vaysse
6  Service de Gastroentérologie, University Hospital of Bicêtre, Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Paris, Université Paris Sud, Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France
,
Guruprasad P. Aithal
7  Nottingham Digestive Diseases Centre, NIHR Nottingham Biomedical Research Centre, Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust and University of Nottingham, UK
,
Andrea Anderloni
8  Endoscopy Unit, IRCCS Istituto Clinico Humanitas, Rozzano, Milan, Italy
,
Marco Bruno
9  Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
,
Paolo Cantú
10  Gastroenterology and Endoscopy Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Ca’ Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy
,
Jacques Devière
2  Department of Gastroenterology Hepatopancreatology, and Digestive Oncology, Erasme University Hospital, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium
,
Juan Enrique Domínguez-Muñoz
11  Gastroenterology Department, University Hospital of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
,
Selma Lekkerkerker
12  Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
,
Jan-Werner Poley
9  Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
,
Mohan Ramchandani
13  Asian Institute of Gastroenterology, Hyderabad, India
,
Nageshwar Reddy
13  Asian Institute of Gastroenterology, Hyderabad, India
,
Jeanin E. van Hooft
12  Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
17 January 2019 (eFirst)

Main Recommendations

ESGE suggests endoscopic therapy and/or extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) as the first-line therapy for painful uncomplicated chronic pancreatitis (CP) with an obstructed main pancreatic duct (MPD) in the head/body of the pancreas. The clinical response should be evaluated at 6 – 8 weeks; if it appears unsatisfactory, the patient’s case should be discussed again in a multidisciplinary team and surgical options should be considered.
Weak recommendation, low quality evidence.

ESGE suggests, for the selection of patients for initial or continued endoscopic therapy and/or ESWL, taking into consideration predictive factors associated with a good long-term outcome. These include, at initial work-up, absence of MPD stricture, a short disease duration, non-severe pain, absence or cessation of cigarette smoking and of alcohol intake, and, after initial treatment, complete removal of obstructive pancreatic stones and resolution of pancreatic duct stricture with stenting.
Weak recommendation, low quality evidence.

ESGE recommends ESWL for the clearance of radiopaque obstructive MPD stones larger than 5 mm located in the head/body of the pancreas and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for MPD stones that are radiolucent or smaller than 5 mm.
Strong recommendation, moderate quality evidence.

ESGE suggests restricting the use of endoscopic therapy after ESWL to patients with no spontaneous clearance of pancreatic stones after adequate fragmentation by ESWL.
Weak recommendation, moderate quality evidence.

ESGE suggests treating painful dominant MPD strictures with a single 10-Fr plastic stent for one uninterrupted year if symptoms improve after initial successful MPD drainage. The stent should be exchanged if necessary, based on symptoms or signs of stent dysfunction at regular pancreas imaging at least every 6 months. ESGE suggests consideration of surgery or multiple side-by-side plastic stents for symptomatic MPD strictures persisting beyond 1 year after the initial single plastic stenting, following multidisciplinary discussion.
Weak recommendation, low quality evidence.

ESGE recommends endoscopic drainage over percutaneous or surgical treatment for uncomplicated chronic pancreatitis (CP)-related pseudocysts that are within endoscopic reach.
Strong recommendation, moderate quality evidence.
ESGE recommends retrieval of transmural plastic stents at least 6 weeks after pancreatic pseudocyst regression if MPD disruption has been excluded, and long-term indwelling of transmural double-pigtail plastic stents in patients with disconnected pancreatic duct syndrome.
Strong recommendation, low quality evidence.

ESGE suggests the temporary insertion of multiple side-by-side plastic stents or of a fully covered self-expandable metal stent (FCSEMS) for treating CP-related benign biliary strictures.
Weak recommendation, moderate quality evidence.

ESGE recommends maintaining a registry of patients with biliary stents and recalling them for stent removal or exchange.
Strong recommendation, low quality evidence.

Appendix 1s, Tables 1s – 8s