Z Orthop Unfall
DOI: 10.1055/a-0977-3607
Original Article/Originalarbeit
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Osteosynthesis or arthroplasty of fractures near the knee joint in geriatric patients – a clinical-economical comparison

Article in several languages: English | deutsch
Mario Pasurka
1  Department of Orthopaedic Trauma Surgery, University Hospital Erlangen
2  Orthopaedic Trauma Surgery, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen
,
Sebastian Krinner
1  Department of Orthopaedic Trauma Surgery, University Hospital Erlangen
,
Kolja Gelse
1  Department of Orthopaedic Trauma Surgery, University Hospital Erlangen
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
19 September 2019 (online)

Abstract

Background The treatment of fractures of the tibial plateau or distal femur often represents a severe problem in geriatric patients. In particular, complex fracture types and concomitant severe osteoporosis are confronted with inferior results following internal fixation. Therefore, primary arthroplasty is increasingly propagated for such particular cases.

Patients, Materials and Methods In 16 patients suffering from fractures of the distal femur or tibial plateau were treated either by internal fixation (n = 8) or primary arthroplasty (n = 8). The outcome of each case was retrospectively analysed according to clinical and economic criteria.

Results In the investigated geriatric patients, primary arthroplasty was significantly superior to internal fixation regarding mobilisation and range of motion without being inferior in cost-effectiveness.

Conclusion Compared to internal fixation, primary arthroplasty represents an efficient and cost-effective therapeutical option for the treatment of complex fractures of the distal femur or tibial plateau of the elderly patient.