Endoscopy 2022; 54(05): E199-E200
DOI: 10.1055/a-1480-6846
E-Videos

Stretch occlusion of stone extraction balloon catheter

Shou-jiang Tang
Division of Digestive Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS
› Author Affiliations

A 65-year-old woman underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for choledocholithiasis, and a standard stone extraction balloon (Multi-3V; Olympus, Tokyo, Japan) was used initially to remove the stone after biliary sphincterotomy. After several attempts of downward pulling on the balloon catheter, aiming for stone expulsion, we were unable to deflate the balloon ([Fig. 1]). No elevator manipulation was used during stone removal. We suspected that the balloon catheter had developed stretch occlusion: total collapse of the air channel within the balloon catheter caused by the stretched surrounding plastic housing catheter. Through this mechanism the air inside the balloon becomes totally trapped above the stretched occlusion site. The balloon could not be deflated even after we cut the catheter close to the handle ([Fig. 2]). So, the inflated balloon was pulled to the biliary opening. Next to the cut catheter, an endoscopic needle-knife without cauterization was used to puncture the inflated balloon ([Fig. 3]) under endoscopic and fluoroscopic guidance. The balloon deflated immediately and was removed ([Video 1]). We removed all stone fragments during the same ERCP session. All ERCP endoscopists need to be aware of this rare potential complication when using stone extraction balloons and know how to manage it accordingly.

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Fig. 1 Fluoroscopic image: after several attempts of downward pulling on the balloon catheter, aiming for stone expulsion, we were unable to deflate the balloon.
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Fig. 2 Endoscopic image: the balloon could not be deflated even after we cut the catheter close to the handle.
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Fig. 3 Endoscopic image: we used an endoscopic needle-knife without cauterization to puncture the inflated balloon.

Video 1 Stretch occlusion of stone extraction balloon catheter.


Quality:

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Publication History

Publication Date:
12 May 2021 (online)

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