CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Sports Med Int Open 2021; 5(02): E65-E72
DOI: 10.1055/a-1541-2916
Training & Testing

Effects of an Elastic Resistance Band Intervention in Adolescent Handball Players

Division of Movement and Training Sciences, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany
Gerrit Schwiertz
Division of Movement and Training Sciences, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany
Thomas Muehlbauer
Division of Movement and Training Sciences, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany
› Author Affiliations
Funding: We acknowledge support by the Open Access Publication Fund of the University of Duisburg-Essen. The funding body is independent of the design of the study and collection, analysis, and interpretation of data and in writing the manuscript.


The objective was to investigate the effects of a 9-week elastic resistance band training within the regular handball training sessions compared to regular handball training only. Participants were randomly assigned to an intervention (INT: n=16; age: 17.0 ± 0.7 years) or a control (CON: n=16; age: 16.9 ± 0.9 years) group. The INT-group performed elastic resistance band exercises (3/week) for 20–30 minutes while the CON-group conducted regular handball training only. Pre- and post-training assessments included measures of strength endurance (Closed Kinetic Chain Upper Extremity Stability Test [CKCUEST]), maximal isometric strength (MIS), and throwing velocity. Significant main effects of Test (i.e. pre- to post-training enhancements) were detected for the CKCUEST (p < 0.001, 0.54 ≤ ηp 2 ≤ 0.57) and throwing velocity (p = 0.001, ηp 2 = 0.34). We found a significant (throwing velocity: p = 0.004, ηp 2 = 0.25) and a tendency toward (MIS of the internal rotators, non-throwing arm: p = 0.068, ηp 2 = 0.12) a significant Test × Group interaction, both in favour of the INT-group. A 9-week strengthening program using elastic resistance bands combined with regular handball training is effective to improve upper extremity strength endurance, throwing velocity, and MIS of the internal rotators of the non-throwing arm.

Publication History

Received: 23 December 2020
Received: 05 May 2021

Accepted: 11 May 2021

Article published online:
25 August 2021

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