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The mechanism of hyperoxia-induced neonatal renal injury and the possible protective effect of ResveratrolRenal injury induced by hyperoxia and its protection
With recent advances in neonatal intensive care, preterm infants are surviving into adulthood. Nonetheless,epidemiological data on the health status of these preterm infants has begun to reveal a worrying theme; prematurity and the supplemental oxygen therapy these infants receive after birth appear to be risk factors for kidney disease in in adulthood, affecting their quality-of-life. As the incidence of chronic kidney disease and the survival time of preterm infants both increase, the management of hyperoxia-induced renal disease is becoming increasingly relevant to neonatologists. The mechanism of this increased risk is currently unknown, but prematurity itself and the hyperoxia exposure after birth may predispose to disease by altering the normal trajectory of kidney maturation. This article reviews altered renal reactivity due to hyperoxia, the possible mechanisms of renal injury due to hyperoxia, and the role of resveratrol in renal injury.
Received: 29 August 2021
Accepted after revision: 17 March 2022
Accepted Manuscript online:
05 April 2022
© 2022. The Author(s). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial-License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
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