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Low-Dose Aspirin during Pregnancy and Postpartum BleedingFunding None.
Objective This study aimed to investigate whether aspirin 81 mg daily for preeclampsia prevention is associated with increased risk of postpartum blood loss at the time of delivery.
Study Design This is a retrospective cohort study performed at a tertiary hospital from January 2018 to April 2021. Data were extracted from the electronic medical record. Patients prescribed low-dose aspirin (LDA) were compared with patients who were not. The primary outcome was a composite of postpartum blood loss, defined as: estimated blood loss (EBL) >1,000 mL, documentation of International Classification of Diseases-9/-10 codes for postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), or red blood cell (RBC) transfusion. Bivariate analysis, and unadjusted and adjusted logistic regression modeling were performed.
Results Among 16,980 deliveries, 1,922 (11.3%) were prescribed LDA. Patients prescribed LDA were more likely to be >35 years old, nulliparous, obese, taking other anticoagulants, or have diagnoses of diabetes, systemic lupus erythematosus, fibroids, or hypertensive disease of pregnancy. After adjusting for potential confounders, the significant association between LDA use and the composite did not persist (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 1.1, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.0–1.3) nor did the association between EBL > 1,000 mL (aOR: 1.0, 95% CI: 0.9–1.3) and RBC transfusion (aOR: 1.3, 95% CI: 0.9–1.7). The association between LDA and PPH remained significant (aOR: 1.3, 95% CI: 1.1–1.6). Patients who discontinued LDA <7 days prior to delivery had an increased risk of the postpartum blood loss composite compared discontinuation ≥7 days (15.0 vs. 9.3%; p = 0.03).
Conclusion There may be an association between LDA use and increased risk of postpartum bleeding. This suggests that use of LDA outside the recommended guidelines should be cautioned and further investigation is needed to determine its ideal dosing and timing of discontinuation.
There may be an association with LDA and an increased risk of postpartum bleeding.
Patients who discontinued LDA less than 7 days prior to delivery had an increased rate of postpartum bleeding.
Additional research is need to determine optimal LDA dose and timing of discontinuation.
Keywordspostpartum hemorrhage - blood transfusion - preeclampsia prophylaxis - postpartum blood loss
Oral presentation (Abstract no.: 93) at the 42nd Annual Pregnancy Meeting, Society of Maternal Fetal Medicine, held virtually, January 31–February 5, 2022.
Received: 27 October 2022
Accepted: 19 May 2023
Article published online:
19 June 2023
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