Int J Sports Med 2010; 31(6): 402-409
DOI: 10.1055/s-0030-1249620
Training & Testing

© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Physiological Responses to Shuttle Repeated-Sprint Running

M. Buchheit1 , D. Bishop2 , B. Haydar1 , F. Y. Nakamura3 , S. Ahmaidi1
  • 1Faculté des sciences du sport, Laboratoire de Recherche Adaptations Réadaptations, Amiens, France
  • 2Victoria University, Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living (ISEAL), Melbourne, Australia
  • 3Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Departamento de Educação Física, Londrina, Brazil
Further Information

Publication History

accepted after revision February 11, 2010

Publication Date:
26 April 2010 (online)


This study investigated the influence of 180° changes of direction during a repeated-sprint running test on performance, cardiorespiratory variables, muscle deoxygenation and post-exercise blood lactate ([La]b) levels. Thirteen team-sport athletes (22±3 yr) performed 6 repeated maximal sprints with (RSS, 6×[2×12.5 m]) or without (RS, 6×25 m) changes of direction. Best and mean running time, percentage speed decrement (%Dec), pulmonary oxygen uptake ( O2), vastus lateralis deoxygenation (Hbdiff) and [La]b were calculated for each condition. Best and mean times for both protocols were largely correlated (r=0.63 and r=0.78, respectively), and were ‘almost certainly’ higher for RSS compared with RS (e. g., 5.30±0.17 vs. 4.09±0.17 s for mean time, with the qualitative analysis revealing a 100% chance of RSS time being greater than RS). In contrast, %Dec was‘possibly’ lower for RSS (2.6±1.2 vs. 3.2±1.3%, with a 79% chance of a real difference). Compared with RS, O2 (40.4±4.2 vs. 38.9±3.8 mL.min−−1, with a 90% chance of a real difference) and [La]b (10.0±1.7 vs. 9.3±2.4 mmol.L−1, with a 70% chance of a real difference) were‘possibly’ higher. Conversely, there were no differences in Hbdiff (11.5±3.2 vs. 10.9±3.0 μM, with the comparison rated as‘unclear’). To conclude, the present results suggest that the ability to repeat sprints can be considered as a general quality. They also suggest that repeated shuttle sprints might be an effective training practice for eliciting a greater systemic physiological load, but perhaps not a greater loading of the vastus lateralis.


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Dr. MartinBuchheit 

Faculté des sciences du sport

Laboratoire de Recherche

Adaptations Réadaptations

Allée P Grousset

80025 Amiens


Phone: +333/22/82 89 36

Fax: +330/90/243 444