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Multicomponent Synthesis of Azaphenanthreneamides
L.-Y. Zeng, C. Cai*
Nanjing University of Science and Technology, P. R. of China
21 December 2010 (online)
Reported is the iodine-mediated multicomponent synthesis of azaphenanthreneamides from naphthylamines, aromatic aldehydes, primary amines, and diketene. Four new bonds are formed and a heterocyclic ring is annulated in a one-pot reaction to afford impressive yields of products. This new reaction has all the usual benefits of multicomponent reactions, most notably high atom economy. It also uses inexpensive and readily available starting materials. Refreshingly, the authors state that the mechanism is unclear (due to the reaction giving aromatic products in the absence of oxygen), although a reasonable one could be postulated.