Amer J Perinatol 2018; 35(03): 247-253
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1606641
Original Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

The Association of Decision-to-Incision Time for Cesarean Delivery with Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes

William A. Grobman
1  Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois
,
Jennifer Bailit
2  Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, MetroHealth Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio
,
Grecio Sandoval
3  Biostatistics Center, George Washington University, Washington, District of Columbia
,
Uma M. Reddy
4  Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, Maryland
,
Ronald J. Wapner
5  Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University, New York, New York
,
Michael W. Varner
6  Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Utah Health Sciences Center, Salt Lake City, Utah
,
John M. Thorp Jr.
7  Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
,
Steve N. Caritis
8  Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
,
Mona Prasad
9  Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio
,
Alan T. N. Tita
10  Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama
,
George R. Saade
11  Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas
,
Yoram Sorokin
12  Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan
,
Dwight J. Rouse
13  Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island
,
Sean C. Blackwell
14  Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Children's Memorial Hermann Hospital, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas
,
Jorge E. Tolosa
15  Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon
,
for the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units (MFMU) Network› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

05 July 2017

21 August 2017

Publication Date:
15 September 2017 (eFirst)

Abstract

Objective The objective of this study was to estimate whether the decision-to-incision (DTI) time for cesarean delivery (CD) is associated with differences in maternal and neonatal outcomes.

Methods This analysis is of data from women at 25 U.S. medical centers with a term, singleton, cephalic nonanomalous gestation and no prior CD, who underwent an intrapartum CD. Perinatal and maternal outcomes associated with DTI intervals of ≤ 15, 16 to 30, and > 30 minutes were compared.

Results Among 3,482 eligible women, median DTI times were 46 and 27 minutes for arrest and fetal indications for CD, respectively (p < 0.01). Women with a fetal indication whose DTI interval was > 30 minutes had similar odds to the referent group (DTI of 16–30 minutes) for the adverse neonatal and maternal composites (odds ratio [OR]: 0.83, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.40–1.71 and OR: 0.89, 95% CI: 0.63–1.27). For arrest disorders, the odds of the adverse neonatal composite were lower among women with a DTI of > 30 minutes (OR: 0.25, 95% CI: 0.08–0.77), and the adverse maternal composite was no different (OR: 1.15, 95% CI: 0.81–1.63).

Conclusion In this analysis, DTI times longer than 30 minutes were not associated with worse maternal or neonatal outcomes.

* See Appendix for a list of other members of the NICHD MFMU Network.