Amer J Perinatol 2018; 35(04): 369-379
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1607347
Original Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Plasma Lipoprotein Particle Subclasses in Preterm Infants

Jennifer A. Scoble
1  Department of Pediatrics, UC Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, California
,
Jennifer T. Smilowitz
2  Department of Food Science and Technology, University of California, Davis, California
3  Foods for Health Institute, University of California, Davis, California
,
Nurit Argov-Argaman
4  Department of Animal Science, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food, and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel
,
J. Bruce German
2  Department of Food Science and Technology, University of California, Davis, California
3  Foods for Health Institute, University of California, Davis, California
,
Mark A. Underwood
1  Department of Pediatrics, UC Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, California
3  Foods for Health Institute, University of California, Davis, California
› Author Affiliations
Funding This study was funded in part by a grant to Dr Scoble from the Clinical Translational Science Center at UC Davis through the Mentored Clinical Research Training Program (National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, National Institutes of Health, through grant no. UL1 TR000002).
Further Information

Publication History

07 June 2017

14 September 2017

Publication Date:
26 October 2017 (eFirst)

Abstract

Objective A pilot study to determine lipoprotein classes and subclasses in premature infants and examine associations with nutritional intake, gestational age (GA), and morbidity.

Study Design Plasma lipoprotein particle concentrations were analyzed in a cohort of 15 premature infants in the first 5 days of life and again at 2 weeks. Breast milk samples were analyzed for fatty acid content. Associations between lipoprotein particle subclasses and GA, breast milk intake, milk fatty acid intake, and chronic lung disease (CLD) were determined.

Results At 2 weeks of age, more premature infants had higher concentrations of total very low-density lipoprotein and lower concentrations of total high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and large HDL particles (similar to profiles seen in adults and children with infectious disease, cardiometabolic disease, and diabetes). Lower total HDL, large HDL, and medium HDL and a higher small HDL:total HDL ratio at 2 weeks were each associated with CLD with GA a likely confounder. Intake of human milk C18 and C20 fatty acids was inversely correlated with plasma total LDL concentration at 2 weeks of age.

Conclusion Dyslipidemia was common in extremely premature infants and was associated with CLD and with lower intake of specific long chain fatty acids.