Amer J Perinatol 2018; 35(04): 385-389
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1607420
Original Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Evaluation of Early Onset Sepsis, Complete Blood Count, and Antibiotic Use in Gastroschisis

Sadie L. Williams
1  Section of Neonatology, Perinatal and Pulmonary Biology, Perinatal Institute, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio
,
Matthew Leonard
1  Section of Neonatology, Perinatal and Pulmonary Biology, Perinatal Institute, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio
,
Eric S. Hall
1  Section of Neonatology, Perinatal and Pulmonary Biology, Perinatal Institute, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio
,
Jose Perez
2  Division of Nutrition Therapy, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Winnie Palmer Hospital, Orlando, Florida
,
Jacqueline Wessel
2  Division of Nutrition Therapy, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Winnie Palmer Hospital, Orlando, Florida
,
Paul S. Kingma
1  Section of Neonatology, Perinatal and Pulmonary Biology, Perinatal Institute, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio
3  Cincinnati Fetal Center, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

09 June 2017

20 September 2017

Publication Date:
30 October 2017 (eFirst)

Abstract

Objective Gastroschisis is a congenital defect in which the abdominal viscera herniate through the abdominal wall. In this population, antibiotics are often initiated immediately following delivery; however, this may be unnecessary as infections typically develop as a consequence of chronic issues in gastroschisis. The objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence of culture positive early onset sepsis, the reliability of the immature to mature neutrophil count (I:T) ratio as an infectious biomarker, and antibiotic use in infants with gastroschisis.

Study Design This retrospective chart review analyzed clinical data from 103 infants with gastroschisis and 103 weight-matched controls that were evaluated for early onset infection.

Results Compared with the control group, there was a significantly increased percentage of infants with an I:T ratio > 0.2 in the gastroschisis group (43% vs. 12%, p < 0.001) and an increased percentage of infants exposed to greater than 5 days of antibiotics regardless of their I:T ratio (75% vs. 6%, p < 0.001). There were no episodes of culture positive early onset sepsis in either group.

Conclusion Our results indicate that I:T ratio is not a reliable marker of infection in gastroschisis, and suggest that empiric septic evaluation and antibiotic use, immediately following delivery in gastroschisis infants, may be unnecessary.