Jnl Wrist Surg 2019; 08(03): 255-262
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1667304
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Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Complications of Volar Plating of Distal Radius Fractures: A Systematic Review

Todd H. Alter
1  Department of Hand and Wrist Surgery, Rothman Institute at the Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
,
Kristin Sandrowski
1  Department of Hand and Wrist Surgery, Rothman Institute at the Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
,
Gregory Gallant
1  Department of Hand and Wrist Surgery, Rothman Institute at the Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
,
Moody Kwok
1  Department of Hand and Wrist Surgery, Rothman Institute at the Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
,
Asif M. Ilyas
1  Department of Hand and Wrist Surgery, Rothman Institute at the Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
› Author Affiliations
Funding None.
Further Information

Publication History

16 April 2018

15 June 2018

Publication Date:
13 August 2018 (eFirst)

Abstract

Background In recent years, there has been an increased utilization of volar locking plate fixation of distal radius fractures (DRFs). However, reported long-term complication rates with this technique remain unclear.

Purpose The purpose of this systematic review was to investigate the pooled incidence of complications associated with volar locking plating of DRF.

Methods A search of the Scopus database was performed from 2006 through 2016. Studies were considered eligible if they had a diagnosis of a DRF and were treated with a volar locking plate with an average of 12 months or longer follow-up.

Results The literature search yielded 633 citations, with 55 eligible for inclusion in the review (total n = 3,911). An overall complication rate of 15% was identified, with 5% representing major complications requiring reoperation. The most common complication types identified included nerve dysfunction (5.7%), tendon injury (3.5%), and hardware-related issues (1.6%).

Conclusion Nerve complications were reportedly higher than tendon and hardware-related complications combined. However, despite varying complication rates in the literature, this systematic review reveals an overall low complication rate associated with volar locking plating of DRF.