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The Effect of Medial Tibial Slope on Anterior Tibial Translation and Short-Term ACL Reconstruction Outcome
22 August 2017
31 July 2018
10 September 2018 (online)
Background Increased tibial slope has been shown to be associated with higher anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction failure rate. Little is known about the correlation of tibial slope and anterior tibial translation in ACL deficient and reconstructed knees as well as the correlation of tibial slope and ACL reconstruction outcome.
Purpose/Hypothesis The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation of tibial slope with anterior tibial translation and ACL reconstruction outcome. It is hypothesized that increased medial tibial slope is associated with increased anterior tibial translation in the ACL deficient knee. Medial tibial slope is neither expected to affect anterior tibial translation in the ACL reconstructed knee nor short-term ACL reconstruction outcome.
Materials and Methods A cohort of 104 patients with unilateral isolated ACL deficiency undergoing hamstring ACL reconstruction by a single surgeon between 2002 and 2004 was followed up prospectively. Preoperative data were collected including patient demographics, time to surgery, subjective and objective International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) outcome scores, as well as manual maximum anterior tibial translation measured with the KT-1000 measuring instrument. Medial tibial slope was assessed on long lateral X-rays using the method described by Dejour and Bonnin (1994). Intraoperative data were collected including meniscal integrity; postoperative data were collected at 1-year follow-up including manual maximum anterior tibial translation (KT-1000 measured), and subjective and objective IKDC scores.
Results A significant positive correlation was seen between medial tibial slope in ACL deficient knees and KT-1000–measured anterior tibial translation (r = 0.24; p = 0.003). The positive relationship increased when meniscal integrity was factored in (r = 0.33; p < 0.001). No significant correlation was seen between medial or lateral meniscal integrity and KT-1000–measured anterior tibial translation (r = −18; p = 0.06). No significant correlation was seen between KT-1000–measured anterior tibial translation and time to surgery. One year postoperatively, 82 patients were assessed, while 26 patients were lost to follow-up; no significant correlation was found between increased medial tibial slope and poor ACL reconstruction outcome measured by post-ACL reconstruction anterior tibial translation (KT-1000) or subjective and objective IKDC scores.
Conclusion Increased medial tibial slope is associated with increased (KT-1000 measured) anterior tibial translation in ACL deficient knees. No significant correlation is found between increased medial tibial slope and poor short-term ACL reconstruction outcome.
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