Am J Perinatol 2020; 37(11): 1134-1139
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1692392
Original Article

Anal Sphincter Injury Associated with Vaginal Twin Delivery

1  Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Rotunda Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
,
Tariq Bholah
1  Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Rotunda Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
,
Tamara Kalisse
1  Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Rotunda Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
,
Mark P. Hehir
1  Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Rotunda Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
,
Michael P. Geary
1  Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Rotunda Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
› Author Affiliations
Funding None.

Abstract

Objective Obstetric anal sphincter injury remains the most common cause of fecal incontinence in women, and research in twin pregnancies is sparse. This study aimed to examine risk factors for sphincter injury in twin deliveries over a 10-year period.

Study Design This was a retrospective study of twin vaginal deliveries in a tertiary-level hospital over 10 years. We examined the demographics of women who had a vaginal delivery of at least one twin. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine risk factors.

Results There were 1,783 (2.1%) twin pregnancies, of which 556 (31%) had a vaginal delivery of at least one twin. Sphincter injury occurred in 1.1% (6/556) women with twins compared with 2.9% (1720/59,944) singleton vaginal deliveries. Women with sphincter injury had more instrumental deliveries (83.3 vs. 27.6%; p = 0.008). On univariate analysis, only instrumental delivery was a significant risk factor (odds ratio: 2.93; p = 0.019).

Conclusion Sphincter injury occurs at a lower rate in vaginal twin pregnancies than in singletons. No twin-specific risk factors were identified. Discussion of the risk of sphincter injury should form part of patient counseling with regard to the mode of delivery.

Author Contributions

B.D.O. contributed to project development, data collection, data analysis, and manuscript writing. T.B. contributed to the data analysis, manuscript, and writing. T.K. contributed to data analysis and manuscript writing. M.P.H. contributed to project development, data analysis, and manuscript writing. M.P.G. contributed to data analysis and manuscript writing.




Publication History

Received: 03 December 2018

Accepted: 02 May 2019

Publication Date:
06 June 2019 (online)

© 2020. Thieme. All rights reserved.

Thieme Medical Publishers
333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.