Self-Reported Alcohol, Tobacco, and Marijuana Use in Pregnant Women with Depressive SymptomatologyFunding The authors would also like to thank the Zoma Foundation and the Denver Health Foundation for their grant support in the completion of this project. The contents of this report represent the views of the authors and do not represent the views of the Zoma Foundation or the Denver Health Foundation.
22 February 2019
14 May 2019
25 June 2019 (online)
Background Substance use disorders often coexist with depression. The objective of this study was to establish whether pregnant women who report depressive symptomatology were more likely to report use of alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana during pregnancy.
Study Design This was a secondary analysis of prospectively collected data from the Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units Network Preterm Prediction Study. Self-reported history of alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use was compared between pregnant women with and without depressive symptomatology with adjustment for demographic factors.
Results After adjustment for demographic factors, women with depressive symptomatology were more likely to report: any alcohol use (odds ratio [OR]: 1.4, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.1–1.8), > 1 drink per week (OR: 1.3, 95% CI: 1.0–1.8), and >1 drink per day (OR: 2.2, 95% CI: 1.5–3.4). Women with depressive symptomatology were also more likely to report use of marijuana (OR: 1.8, 95% CI: 1.2–2.6) and cigarettes (OR: 1.4, 95% CI: 1.1–1.7).
Conclusion Depressive symptomatology was associated with an increase in self-reported the use of alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana during pregnancy. These data reveal the importance of targeted screening of pregnant women with depressive symptomatology for substance use.
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