Am J Perinatol 2020; 37(12): 1234-1242
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1693127
Original Article

Factors Associated with Timeliness of Surgical Repair among Infants with Myelomeningocele: California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative, 2006 to 2011

Vijaya Kancherla
1  Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia
,
Chen Ma
2  Division of Neonatal and Developmental Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California
,
Gerald Grant
3  Department of Neurosurgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California
,
Henry C. Lee
2  Division of Neonatal and Developmental Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California
,
Gary M. Shaw
2  Division of Neonatal and Developmental Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California
,
Susan R. Hintz
2  Division of Neonatal and Developmental Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California
,
Suzan L. Carmichael
2  Division of Neonatal and Developmental Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California
› Author Affiliations
Funding Funding was provided by the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD) R01 MD007796.

Abstract

Objective This study aimed to examine factors associated with timely (0–2 days after birth) myelomeningocele surgical repair.

Study Design We examined 2006 to 2011 births from the California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative, linking to hospital discharge and vital records. Selected maternal, infant, and delivery hospital characteristics were evaluated to understand disparities in timely repair. Poisson regression was used to estimate adjusted risk ratios (aRRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs).

Results Overall, 399 of the 450 (89%) infants had a timely repair and approximately 80% of them were delivered in level III/IV hospitals. Infants with hydrocephalus were significantly less likely to have a delayed myelomeningocele repair compared with those without (aRR = 0.22; 95% CI = 0.13, 0.39); infants whose medical care was paid by Medi-Cal or other nonprivate insurance were 2.2 times more likely to have a delayed repair compared with those covered by a private insurance (aRR = 2.23; 95% CI = 1.17, 4.27). Low birth weight was a significant predictor for delayed repair (aRR = 2.06; 95% CI = 1.10, 3.83).

Conclusion There was a significant disparity in myelomenigocele repair based on medical care payer. Families and hospitals should work together for timely repair in hospitals having specialized multidisciplinary teams. Findings from the study can be used to follow best clinical practices for myelomeningocele repair.



Publication History

Received: 17 January 2019

Accepted: 31 May 2019

Publication Date:
15 July 2019 (online)

© 2020. Thieme. All rights reserved.

Thieme Medical Publishers
333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.