Induction of Labor versus Cesarean Delivery in Twin Pregnancies
Objective This study was aimed to compare maternal and neonatal outcomes between women with twin pregnancies who underwent induction of labor with those women who had planned Cesarean delivery (CD).
Study Design This is a retrospective cohort study of women with twin pregnancies ≥ 24 weeks with an indication for delivery but not in labor. Two groups were examined, women who underwent induction and women who underwent planned CD. Maternal and neonatal outcomes were compared between groups both for deliveries at gestational age ≥ 37 weeks and < 37 weeks.
Results A total of 453 patients were included. Overall, 212 (46.8%) women underwent induction and 241 (53.2%) underwent planned CD. Women who underwent induction of labor had a high rate of VD, both in the term and preterm groups (69.8 and 73.6%, respectively). Women who underwent induction of labor had reduced maternal length of stay, neonatal length of stay, and blood loss, without any increase in adverse outcomes. Neonatal ventilation of either twin delivered < 37 weeks was higher in the CD compared with induction group (27.5 vs. 9.4%, p < 0.01), but this was not significant on adjusted odds ratio analysis (aOR = 0.71, 95% CI: 0.19–2.66).
Conclusion Labor induction in twin gestations have improved maternal outcomes and similar neonatal outcomes compared with planned CD.
Received: 08 February 2019
Accepted: 07 June 2019
25 July 2019 (online)
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