J Pediatr Epilepsy 2019; 08(03): 079-082
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1701034
Review Article
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Febrile Status Epilepticus

Isaac Molinero
1  Isabelle Rapin Division of Child Neurology, The Saul R. Korey Department of Neurology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York, New York, United States
,
Shlomo Shinnar
1  Isabelle Rapin Division of Child Neurology, The Saul R. Korey Department of Neurology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York, New York, United States
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

29 October 2019

04 November 2019

Publication Date:
21 January 2020 (online)

Abstract

Febrile status epilepticus (FSE) is defined as a febrile seizure lasting 30 minutes or more and is considered the extreme end of the complex febrile seizure spectrum. It remains unclear why some children are predisposed to the development of FSE compared with others. FSE is considered as medical emergency and as such, early treatment is crucial. The consequences of FSE have been a topic of interest for many years, specially its association with temporal lobe epilepsy and hippocampal sclerosis. In this article, we review the epidemiology, risk factors, pathophysiology, treatment, and prognosis including findings from the “Consequences of Prolonged Febrile Seizures in Childhood” (FEBSTAT) study.