Am J Perinatol 2021; 38(S 01): e64-e70
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1705148
Original Article

The Effect of Antenatal Neuroprotective Magnesium Sulfate Treatment on Cerebral Oxygenation in Preterm Infants

1  Division of Neonatology, Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Health Education and Research Hospital, Altındağ, Ankara, Turkey
,
Yüksel Oğuz
2  Division of Perinatology, Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Health Education and Research Hospital, Altındağ, Ankara, Turkey
,
Hayriye Gözde Kanmaz Kutman
1  Division of Neonatology, Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Health Education and Research Hospital, Altındağ, Ankara, Turkey
,
Dilek Uygur
2  Division of Perinatology, Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Health Education and Research Hospital, Altındağ, Ankara, Turkey
,
1  Division of Neonatology, Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Health Education and Research Hospital, Altındağ, Ankara, Turkey
,
Serife Suna Oğuz
1  Division of Neonatology, Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Health Education and Research Hospital, Altındağ, Ankara, Turkey
,
Cüneyt Tayman
1  Division of Neonatology, Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Health Education and Research Hospital, Altındağ, Ankara, Turkey
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Objective Antenatal magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) treatment is associated with reduced risk of cerebral palsy in preterm infants. We aimed to investigate whether this treatment leads to any alterations on cerebral hemodynamics which could be detected by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) readings in early postnatal life.

Study Design Infants with gestational ages (GAs) ≤ 32 weeks were divided into two groups regarding their exposure to antenatal neuroprotective MgSO4 treatment or not. NIRS monitoring was performed to all infants, and readings were recorded for 2 hours each day during the first 3 days of life. The primary aim was to compare regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rcSO2) and cerebral fractional tissue oxygen extraction (cFTOE) between the groups.

Results Sixty-six infants were exposed to antenatal MgSO4, while 64 of them did not. GA and birth weight were significantly lower in the treatment group (p < 0.01). No difference was observed in rcSO2 and cFTOE levels in the first, second, and the third days of life (p > 0.05). An insignificant reduction in severe intraventricular hemorrhage rates was observed (8 vs. 15%, p = 0.24).

Conclusion We could not demonstrate any effect on cerebral oxygenation of preterm infants in early postnatal life that could be attributed to antenatal neuroprotective MgSO4 treatment. Future studies are warranted to clarify the exact underlying mechanisms of neuroprotection.



Publication History

Received: 20 April 2019

Accepted: 28 January 2020

Publication Date:
06 March 2020 (online)

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