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Interleukin-6 as a Biomarker of Early-Onset Neonatal Sepsis
Objective The aim of this study is to determine the utility of C reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin (IL)-6 in the diagnosis of neonatal sepsis (NS) in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in the south of Colombia.
Study Design A nonmatched case–control study was conducted. Convenience sampling was performed. Data were obtained from clinical records. IL-6 levels were determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve analysis and Youden's index were used to determine the optimal cutoffs for CRP and IL-6 levels in diagnosing NS, early-onset NS (EONS), and late-onset NS (LONS).
Results Data from 31 cases and 62 controls were included. History of chorioamnionitis (infinite odds ratio [OR] [3.07-infinity]), and the presence of meconium-stained amniotic fluid during birth (OR: 9.04 [1.35–112]) were identified as risk factors for NS. Differences in CRP (p < 0.0001) and IL-6 (p < 0.0485) levels were also found, more significantly for LONS and EONS patients, respectively. In the diagnosis of LONS using CRP levels, the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was 0.8371 (p < 0.0001). The optimal cutoff was 0.53 mg/dL. For EONS diagnosis using IL-6, the AUC was 0.6869 (p = 0.0315) and the optimal cutoff was 17.75 pg/mL.
Conclusion Differences between CRP and IL-6 levels were found between control and NS groups. Furthermore, CRP showed greater potential diagnostic utility in the LONS group, whereas IL-6 showed greater potential utility in the EONS group.
NS is a major morbimortality cause worldwide
CRP and IL-6 levels may be useful NS biomarkers
No biomarker alone is enough for the diagnosis of NS
Received: 26 October 2019
Accepted: 18 March 2020
23 May 2020 (online)
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