Management and Nutrition of Neonates during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Review of the Existing Guidelines and RecommendationsFunding None.
Objective We aimed at reviewing the currently available guidelines and scientific recommendations regarding the neonatal in-hospital management and feeding in the light of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.
Study Design We systematically searched the guideline databases, Medline, Embase, and nationale/international neonatal societies websites as of June 19, 2020, for guidelines on neonatal management and feeding during the COVID-19 pandemic, at the same time assessing the methodological quality using the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation II tool.
Results Eleven guidelines were included. The Chinese and American recommendations suggest separation of the mother and her neonate, whereas in French, Italian, UK, Canadian, and World Health Organization consensus documents the rooming-in is suggested, with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines suggesting to decide on a case-by-case basis. All the guidelines recommend breastfeeding or feeding with expressed maternal milk; the only exception is the Chinese recommendations, these last suggesting to avoid breastfeeding.
Conclusion This review may provide a useful tool for clinicians and organizers, highlighting differences and similarities of the existing guidelines on the management and feeding strategies in the light of the COVID-19 pandemic.
This study compares guidelines on management and nutrition of a newborn born to a mother with SARS-CoV-2 infection.
Existing guidelines on neonatal management and nutrition during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic show many differences.
The majority of recommendations are mainly based on experts' opinion and are not evidence-based.
G.G. and A.M. were involved in conceptualization, analysis, methodology, and writing the original manuscript. A.C. and I.R. dedicated in conceptualization, supervision, and validation. M.B. performed conceptualization and analysis. P.M. supported in writing the original manuscript. M.C. contributed in conceptualization.
08 September 2020 (online)
Thieme Medical Publishers
333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.
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