Am J Perinatol 2022; 39(02): 134-143
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1715525
Review Article

Measuring Parental Presence in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

1   Department of Pediatrics, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina
,
Katherine Taylor
1   Department of Pediatrics, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina
,
Dmitry Tumin
1   Department of Pediatrics, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina
,
1   Department of Pediatrics, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Parental presence is believed to improve outcomes for infants hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). As a result, NICU policies and procedures have evolved to support parental presence, and a growing number of studies examine the role of parental presence in the NICU. However, the measurement of parental presence is not standardized, complicating assessment of its impact on child and parent outcomes across studies. We reviewed 29 studies that presented 27 distinct methods of quantifying parental presence in the NICU and reported associations of presence with patient demographics, parental engagement in the NICU, and outcomes for both infants and parents. This overview provides a foundation for standardizing and improving routine measurement of parental presence in the NICU.

Key Points

  • NICUs encourage visiting ill newborns.

  • Measurement of presence is not standardized.

  • A uniform method to assess presence is needed.



Publication History

Received: 17 April 2020

Accepted: 02 July 2020

Publication Date:
20 August 2020 (online)

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