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Arthroscopic Resection of Wrist Volar Synovial Cyst: Technique Description and Case Series
Background Arthroscopy nowadays has become a widespread technique for the treatment of orthopaedic pathologies. Small-joint arthroscopy has evolved and, through direct visualization, enables diagnosis and immediate treatment of intra-articular lesions. The arthroscopic resection has become a minimally invasive alternative for the open technique. We intend to describe the technique, literature review, and results of arthroscopy for the surgical treatment of wrist volar synovial cysts.
Methods Thirty-nine patients submitted to arthroscopy for the treatment of wrist volar synovial cyst were included and assessed in this study, during the period of January 2015 to May 2017 with a complete assessment in minimum follow-up of 6 months. The technique was indicated for patients with pain and functional impairment for longer than 4 months, with no improvement with conservative measures, or for patients with cosmetic complaints, or those who presented the cyst for more than 3 months.
Results We demonstrated good outcomes in regard to pain, range of motion, and complications in arthroscopic resection of volar wrist ganglion.
Conclusion Arthroscopic resection of volar synovial is a useful and safe technique. It is a low-morbidity, minimally invasive procedure that carries few complications and is a good alternative to the open technique.
Received: 22 April 2020
Accepted: 28 October 2020
Article published online:
03 January 2021
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