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Development of a Standardized Clinical Assessment and Management Plan for Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress SyndromeFunding The study received internal funding through the Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Wisconsin, United States, in order to support research coordinator time.
Pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (PARDS) is one of the most challenging patient populations for a clinician to manage with mortality between 8 and 31%. The project was designed to identify patients with PARDS, implement management guidelines with the goal of standardizing practice. Our objectives were to describe the development and implementation of a protocolized approach to identify patients with PARDS and institute ventilator management guidelines. Patients who met criteria for moderate or severe PARDS as per the Pediatric Acute Lung Injury Consensus Conference (PALICC) definitions were identified using the best practice alert (BPA) in the electronic health record (EHR). Patients who did not meet exclusion criteria qualified for management using the Standardized Clinical Assessment and Management Plan (SCAMP), a quality improvement (QI) methodology with iterative cycles. The creation of a BPA enabled identification of patients with PARDS. With our second cycle, the number of false BPA alerts due to incorrect data decreased from 66.7 (68/102) to 29.2% (19/65; p < 0.001) and enrollment increased from 48.3 (14/29) to 73.2% (30/41; p = 0.03). Evaluation of our statistical process control chart (SPC) demonstrated a shift in the adherence with the tidal volume guideline. Overall, we found that SCAMP methodology, when used in the development of institutional PARDS management guidelines, allows for development of a process to aid identification of patients and monitor adherence to management guidelines. This should eventually allow assessment of impact of deviations from clinical practice guidelines.
Keywordspediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome - quality improvement methodology - standardized clinical assessment and management plan - clinical decision support tools
P.R. designed the study, drafted the initial manuscript, and approved the final manuscript as submitted. M.W. designed the study, revised the manuscript, and approved the final manuscript as submitted. All other authors helped conceptualize the study, reviewed and revised the manuscript, and approved the final manuscript as submitted.
Received: 08 September 2020
Accepted: 09 November 2020
Article published online:
04 January 2021
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